Following the progress of the 737 Flight Test Program
Four 737-8s are being used in the initial test and certification program, which will culminate in delivery of the first production MAX to launch customer Southwest Airlines in the third quarter of 2017.
Boeing’s test pilots said they plan nine months of aerial tests for the Max, but have given themselves 20 months to allow for any overruns,
2 aircraft will be used for the MAX-9 certification, the first of which is due to fly in April 2017.
Additional test aircraft will be used for certification of the follow-on 737-7 and 737-10 derivatives.
Read this account of a flight test ride here
*** Updated 17 Jan 2017 ***
The flight test fleet is as follows:
1A001, FF 29 Jan 16, Boeing livery, N8701Q, MSN 42554, LN 5602, MAX-8
It has recently been performing stability and control test which should finish in July 2016.
The aircraft, which returned to Seattle on June 28 from California, where it underwent runway performance work at Edwards AFB, Its flight tests should be finished by Autumn 2016
The interior of the first 737 MAX test aircraft 1A001, Photo Boeing
1A002, FF 4 Mar 2016, “light” livery, N8702L, MSN 36989, LN 5668, MAX-8
This aircraft was mostly used for propulsion tests associated with the MAX’s CFM Leap 1B engine
This aircrafts program started with nautical air fuel mileage tests.
It then went onto high and low altitude testing. The low-altitude tests on the begin on 17 April. The tests require a minimum 80-degree F temperature. It is flown at at 1,500 feet between Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport and the Gulf,with the landing gear down throughout the test flights. From 2 May high altitude testing began at La Paz, Bolivia. The airport’s 13,300-ft. (4,050-m) altitude tested the MAX’s capability to take off and land at high altitudes, which can affect overall airplane performance.
The aircraft was also used to complete the flight-loads survey. Only the outboard wing was surveyed for flight-loads because of the winglet change, “Results were as expected. In fact, there’s been no drama, and testing has been going very well.”
In June the engine instrumentation for thrust-versus-drag calculations and schedules was removed.
The aircraft’s next exercise will be community noise testing at Glasgow, Montana.
Water spray testing at Glasgow, Montana to test the resilience of the engines and APU to withstand water ingestion sprayed up from the landing gear or reverse thrust. A great video of this test in progress is available here: https://youtu.be/hEx7Glp8Kk0
1A003, FF 14 Apr 2016, “light” livery, N8703J, MSN 42556, LN 5728, MAX-8
1A004. FF 7 May 2016, Boeing livery, N8704Q, MSN 36988, LN 5788, MAX-8
This aircraft is configured with a virtually complete passenger interior in the style of Southwest. However, some instruments remain in the aft of the cabin for environmental tests, such as smoke-penetration and including smoke and Halon detection.
The Cabin of 1A004 has a passenger interior with some flight test equipment at the rear Photo: Chris Sloan
Program Manager Mike Teal said: “In our Right at First Flight initiative, we’re working on what we call ‘fly like the airlines.’ In two days, we did eight simulated flights. We’d fly for an hour and a half, we’d land, and then we’d pretend we taxied in and then we would do all the ground checks, we’d turn the engines off, we’d fuel it, we’d do any maintenance an airline would typically do on the ground during a thirty minute turn, then we’d start the engines and take back off.”. Boeing intended to effectively de-bug the airplane with the exercise, explained Teal, thereby ensuring the airplane is customer-ready upon delivery. “That testing was very successful,” he said. “We did find a couple of, I’ll call them squawks, but that’s what you want to find and it turned out that the two that we found we already had on our list of things we had to fix.” Most of the testing is for certification, but this is aimed at making the aircraft customer-ready.
ETOPS testing and Farnborough airshow appearance.
SROV (Service Ready Operational Validation) route proving trails commenced 19 September 2016 This was done with launch customer Southwest Airlines, using the fourth prototype over a six day period. SROV uses several airports in Southwest’s route network to simulate the kind of real life things the airplane will encounter on any given day of revenue service. Southwest and Boeing pilots will fly routes from Love Field in Dallas to cities including Albuquerque, Denver, Chicago, Austin and Phoenix. Southwest’s maintenance and ground crews at each airport will get hands-on experience, doing everything from towing and fuelling the airplane, to conducting fit checks of ground support equipment and performing maintenance.
After customer testing the last tests are the functionality and reliability testing in autumn.
Boeing spokesman Ken Morton said it was part of its certification process. The aircraft has to be subjected to a hot soak and a cold soak,” he said. “This involves going to a very cold place and a very hot place. The aircraft is left sitting on the ground for a certain period of time, and then the crew go back on board and make sure everything runs as it should do.”
Endurance testing. Including, on 11 Feb 2017, skywriting! For eight of its 9h 11mins aloft, the 737 MAX worked on its aerial penmanship writing a 997 km (619 mi) long, 277 km (172 mi) high ‘MAX’ over the states of Washington and Montana.
Graphic from Flightradar24.
1A00?. FF ? Apr 2017, Boeing livery, N7379E, MSN 42987, LN 6250, MAX-9
The first of two MAX -9 flight test aircraft due to participate in a 9 month flight test program.
The prototype 737 MAX -9 in March 2017
Now flying with CFM Leap-1B compliance engines, airplanes two, three and four will eventually get fitted with final delivery engines that have new low-pressure compressors (LPC). Those engines, which Teal said would start arriving around August 2016, will require what he characterized as some minor additional testing. Last year CFM discovered the need to modify the LPC to improve stall margin. With the original engines, Boeing has to use suboptimum bleed schedules, leaving the bleeds open more than desired for the best possible fuel efficiency. “We want the bleeds closed for better fuel mileage,” explained Teal. “We could have certified and delivered these engines, but we wanted the best engines. So in the ones we’re flying now the bleeds are opened a little bit more than we desire, but when the final Block 2s come in and we get the final bleed schedules, and that will determine the final configuration.”
Further evaluations will be conducted late in the program on the delivery-standard Leap 1B engine with an improved low-pressure (LP) compressor configuration. The current fleet is powered by compliance versions of the -1B engine, and Boeing expects to receive the upgraded powerplants, “in the August time frame,” says Teal. “We plan on putting them on Aircraft Two, Three and Four. We won’t put them on Aircraft One because that airplane essentially [will be] done with its [test] life.” Testing will include natural icing and other minor evaluations, he adds. Improvements were made to the LP compressor after testing indicated it was necessary for bleed valves to remain open for longer than expected to maintain adequate stall margin. “They didn’t have to be open all the time. The bleed schedules open and close the valves, so to improve stall margin, we want the bleeds closed for better fuel mileage,” Teal explains. “CFM could have certified the existing engines, and they did, but we wanted the best engines. The bleeds are open a little more than desired on the engines that are flying now, but when the final Block 2s come in, we will get the final bleed schedules that will determine the final configuration.”
29 Jan 2016 - The First Ever MAX Flight
The first flight of the 737 MAX took place at 9:48 am (17:48 GMT) on 29th Jan 2016 from Runway 34 at Renton Municipal Airport. At the controls were Capt Ed Wilson, chief pilot 737 Program, and Craig Bomben, vice president of flight testing. Bomben said that "other then deteriorating weather at Renton, we had no butterflies or jitters in our stomachs. We did get out of Renton in the nick of time."
The departure time was brought forward slightly due to worsening weather conditions. Probably much to the relief of the 4,000 Boeing employees, media members and invitees who attended the event.
The aircraft, registration N8701Q (MSN 42554, /LN 5602), named Spirit of Renton, flew for 2 hrs 47 mins mostly to the East of Seattle using callsign BOE1, It landed at Boeing Field runway 13 at 12:35pm. The aircraft stayed below 250 knots for the whole flight, which is normal on first flights. It initially climbed to 15,000 feet, and later climbed to 25,000 feet. Unusually for a first flight, the landing gear was retracted. This was achievable because of the maturity of the basic platform.
Plot of the first flight from Flight Radar 24
Ed Wilson said after the flight. "We were amazed at how quiet the cabin was, I took a walk mid-flight through the cabin and was impressed.". He went on to say “It flew beautifully, we had no issues.”
(Photo Guy Norris)
Test pilots Craig Bomben (left) and Ed Wilson (right) emerge from IA001 to be greeted by Boeing Commercial Airplanes president Ray Conner.
The second MAX aircraft built will be incorporated into the test program within a month. The third and fourth MAX's are in varying stages of completion on Renton's "Go Slow" Surge Final Assembly Line. According to Boeing's chief project engineer Michael Teal, the aircraft's test fleet will wrap up the campaign by the end of the year. After type certification, the aircraft will go to launch customer Southwest Airlines.
Boeing’s test pilots said they plan nine months of aerial tests for the Max, but have given themselves 20 months, the same as the 787, despite that plane’s bigger technological leap. “I don’t want to cut [the allotted testing time to the bone and have to add days on to the end, and unfortunately we have done that in the past,” said Keith Leverkuhn, Boeing’s program manager for the 737 Max.