This page features press reports about serious incidents, not to endorse any media sensationalism where it exists, but rather to show the knowledgeable reader with his knowledge of the aircraft and the industry, how events can be misunderstood or misrepresented. Since the layman knows no better, this is unfortunately the way he will see the event.
Please send on any links or reports for inclusion on this page.
See also ...
*** Updated 20 Nov 2018 ***
02 Jan 2019 - 737 features prominently in commercial aviation fatalities accident record for 2018
24 Dec 2018 - The Jordanian CARC have published their final report into the runway overrun whilst landing at Aqaba on 17 Sep 2017 of 737-300, JY-SOA operated by Fly Jordan Solitaire Air
21 Dec 2018 - The Jordanian CARC have published their final report into the right main gear collapse of Safi Airways 737-400, JY-JAQ, at Kabul on 10 Dec 2016
21 Dec 2018 - Final report issued EI-DYG 737-800 loss of thrust on both engines at CIA 10 Nov 2008
14 Dec 2018 - Final report issued into TC-TLC 737-400 depressurization and emergency descent
01 Dec 2018 - Final report published into runway excursion during takeoff of Jet Airways 737-800 VT-JBG at Goa on 27 Dec 2016
22 Nov 2018 - Peruvian Airlines 737-500 OB-2041-P MLG collapse on landing at La Paz.
21 Nov 2018 - AAIB issues final report into Sunwing Airlines 737-800 C-FWGH take-off performance error at Belfast on 21 July 2017
06 Nov 2018 - Preliminary report issued into UT Air 737-800 VQ-BJI Runway excursion after landing at Sochi on 01 Sep 2018
04 Nov 2018 - t'way Airlines 737-800 tailstrike during baulked landing
29 Oct 2018 - PK-LQP 737 MAX-8 crashed into Java Sea
23 Oct 2018 - Final report published into JA85AN 737-800 Pressurisation failure 27 May 2016
12 Oct 2018 - Air India Express 737-800 VT-AYD damaged after hiting obstacles on departure
01 Oct 2018 - Final report published into runway excursion of Vim Airlines, 737-500, VP-BVS, at Riga on 17 Feb 2017
28 Sep 2018 - P2-PXE 737-800 Landed short of runway at Chuuk, Micronesia
27 Sep 2018 - S2-AJA 737-800 Landed with NLG Retracted
21 Sep 2018 - Final report released into A6-FDS 737-800 Tyre Failure and Loss of Hyd A 8 Aug 2017
18 Sep 2018 - ATSB Report issued into VH-VOP 737-800 aquaplaning on landing
14 Sep 2018 - AAIB Report issued into EI-DLV 737-800 failure of left nose landing gear axle
01 Sep 2018 - UT Air 737-800 VQ-BJI Runway excursion after landing at Sochi
22 Aug 2018 - Final report issued into HK-5197 AerCaribe 737-400SF runway excursion on landing at Leticia, Colombia 28 Jan 2017
16 Aug 2018 - Xiamen 737-800, B-5498, Runway excursion after landing at Manila
08 Aug 2018 - Preliminary report issued into Lion Air PK-LOO 737-800 Runway excursion after landing on 29 Apr 2018
08 Aug 2018 - Final report issued into ASL 737-400F overrun at Bergamo 5 Aug 2016
04 Jul 2018 - Finnish SIA Report issued into 737-800 LN-NHF runway overrun after landing at Helsinki on 11 July 2017
16 Jun 2018 - EI-FHD Tyre burst and hydraulic system A failure
25 May 2018 - PK-JRM 737-200C Runway excursion after landing at Wamena, Indonesia
18 May 2018 - 737-200, XA-UHZ, (21816/592), FF 15/4/1979, operated by Global Air on behalf of on behalf of Cubana de Aviacion, has crashed shortly after take off from Runway 06 at Havana, Cuba.
18 May 2018 - Jordanian CARC Report issued into JY-JAP 737-400 runway overrun during landing at Tombouctou on 5 May 2017
15 May 2018 - NASA ASRS report issued into 737NG Throttle Sensitivity
11 May 2018 - Report issued into EI-EBW 737-800 overspeed recovery of 14 Jan 2017 which caused injury
29 Apr 2018 - PK-LOO 737-800 Runway excursion after Landing
19 Apr 2018 - 9M-LNJ 737-900ER Runway excursion after RTO
17 Apr 2018 - N772SW 737-700 In-Flight Uncontained Engine Failure
12 Apr 2018 - Tailstrike data updated with two new events
04 Mar 2018 - 9S-ASG 737-300 nose gear collapse after landing
27 Feb 2018 - Final report issued into the MLG collapse after landing of Jet Airways 737-800 VT-JGD at Mumbai on 3 March 2016.
06 Feb 2018 - Final report published into the Jet Airways 737-800, VT-JGA, MLG failure on landing at Khajuraho on 13 Apr 2015.
13 Jan 2018 - TC-CPF Pegasus 737-800 Runway Excursion, Trabazon, 13 Jan 2018
08 Dec 2017 - Final report issued 5N-BLE 737-500 Aero Contractors cabin depressurisation, 5 Jun 2015
07 Dec 2017 - Final report issued VT-JGE 737-800 Jet Airways tailstrike on landing at Kolkata, Jan 14th 2015
09 Nov 2017 - The AAIB have issued their final report into the 737-400F OE-IAG MLG Torsion Link Failure on landing at Belfast on 4 Oct 2016
02 Nov 2017 - UT Air 737-500 VQ-BJP Loss of control on approach
19 Oct 2017 - KNKT issue their preliminary report into the overrun of 737-300 PK-CJC at Rendani Airport, Manokwari, West Papua on 31 May 2017
27 Sep 2017 - Final report issued into Shaheen Air 737-400 AP-BJO runway excursion on landing at Lahore, Pakistan
22 Sep 2017 - The NTSB have released their final report into the runway overun at LGA of Eastern 737-700, N923CL.
21 Sep 2017 - AAIB issue special bulletin into Sunwing Airlines 737-800 C-FWGH take-off performance error at Belfast
22 Jan 2017 - Final report issued into Jet Airways 737-800 VT-JTD tailstrike on landing at Dhaka
19 Sep 2017 - Spicejet 737-800 VT-SGZ runway excursion on landing at Mumbai
19 Sep 2017 - Preliminary report issued into the overrun on landing of AerCaribe 737-400SF HK-5197 at Leticia, Colombia.
19 Aug 2017 - Preliminary report issued into Malaysia Airlines 737-800 9M-MXH runway excursion on landing
31 May 2017 - Sriwijaya 737-300 PK-CJC runway excursion on landing at Manokwari, Indonesia.
30 Apr 2017 - D2-TBF 737-700 Nose gear collapse after landing at Soyo, Angola
10 Apr 2017 - Final report issued into the runway collision on 4 April 2016 at Jakarta between a Batik Air 737 and an ATR42 that was under tow crossing the runway.
08 Apr 2017 - 737-800, 9M-MXX, operated by Malaysian Airlines has suffered a collapse of its nose landing-gear following a runway excursion on landing on Runway 13 at Sibu airport, in northern Malaysia
29 Mar 2017 - Peruvian Airlines 737-300, OB-2036-P, MLG Collapse and Fire on Landing at Jauja
27 Mar 2017 - 737-400, EP-TBJ operated by Taban Airlines has suffered a failure of its right-hand main landing-gear whilst landing on runway 33 at Ardabil airport, in northern Iran.
17 Feb 2017 - VP-BVS Vim Airlines 737-500 RTO and runway excursion at Riga on 17 Feb 2017.
04 Feb 2017 - The Portugese GPIAA have today issued their final report into the tailstrike on landing at Funchal, Maderia of 737-800, G-GDFC operated by Jet 2 on 17 Feb 2014.
01 Feb 2017 - PK-GNK Garuda 737-800 runway excursion on landing at Yogyakarta, Indonesia
29 Jan 2017 - HK-5197 AerCaribe 737-400SF runway excursion on landing at Leticia, Colombia
06 Jan 2017 - KNKT report issued into the runway excursion of Merpati Nusantara 737-500 PK-MDT at Makassar on 26 Dec 2011
27 Dec 2016 - 737-800, VT-JBG operated by Jet Airways has overran the runway whilst manouvring for take-off at Goa
23 Dec 2016 - The Roumanian CIAS have released their final report into the YR-BAS 737-400 runway excursion on landing on 7 Jan 2016 at Cluj
10 Dec 2016 - JY-JAQ 737-400 hard Landing and RH MLG collapse at Kabul
09 Dec 2016 - Indonesian NTSB issue preliminary report into 737-300SF, PK-YSY Trigana Air Service MLG collapse on landing at WAVV, Wamena
07 Dec 2016 - LN-NII Norwegian/Go2Sky 737-800 Take-off and cabin pressurisation incident
27 Oct 2016 - N278EA 737-700 Runway Overrun on landing
09 Nov 2016 - HK-5139 AerCaribe 737-400F MLG Failure on landing at Bogota
14 Oct 2016 - The Australian ATSB have released their final report into Virgin Australia 737-800, VH-YID (38709/3851), in which a member of cabin crew was injured as a result of overcontrolling during an overspeed event in a high speed descent.
13 Oct 2016 - The Indonesian KNKT have released their final report into the runway overrun on landing of Lion Air 737-400, PK-LIQ at Supadio Indonesia on 2 Nov 2010.
04 Oct 2016 at 04:55z, an ASL Airlines (in TNT livery), 737-400F, OE-IAG, 25168/2210, suffered a partial right hand main landing-gear failure, following what appeared to be a normal approach and landing on Runway 25 in benign weather conditions.
27 Sep 2016 - AAIU report published into 737-800 in-flight fumes event from APU oil
12 Sep 2016 - 737-300SF, PK-YSY operated by Trigana Air Service has suffered an MLG collapse on landing at WAVV, Wamena, Indonesia.
30 Aug 2016 - A 737-800 report just issued by the Irish AAIU cautions against using excessive breakaway thrust when manoeuvring on the apron on a single engine. The report says that the N1 peaked at 55% to start moving but breakaway thrust is normally around 30-35% N1. Two ramp workers 40m behind the aircraft were blown over during the incident as exhaust speeds were estimated at 50mph.
28 Aug 2016 - N766SW Loss of inlet cowl and engine failure
18 Aug 2016 - Final report issued for EX37005 737-300 landing accident at Osh in 22 Nov 2015
13 Aug 2016 - The AAIB have issued their final reports into two similar erroneous airspeed and altitude events to 737-800s in icing conditions
05 Aug 2016 - HA-FAX 737-400F Runway Excursion on Landing
02 Jul 2016 - The Indonesian KNKT have today issued their final report into the incident on 28 Aug 2015 to PK-BBY, 737-300CF, 23535/1301, of Cardig Air Cargo whilst landing at Wamena, Indonesia
01 Jun 2016 - Final report issued for LN-RPA 737-600 Excessive elevator control forces at Oslo
15 Apr 2016 - Final report issued for LN-RCZ 737-800 Runway Overrun at Oslo
04 Apr 2016 - PK-LBS 737-800 Collision on take-off
19 Mar 2016 - A6-FDN FlyDubai 737-800 Loss of Control during Go-Around
29 Dec 2015 - Final report issued by the MAK for VP-BBN 737-500 Loss of control after go-around
22 Dec 2015 - CP-2552 737-300 Runway Overrun at Sucre
14 Dec 2015 - Final report issued for VT-AXE 737-800 heavy landing at Mangalore on Aug 14th 2012
03 Dec 2015 - B-2954 737-300F multiple tyre burst on take-off
26 Nov 2015 - XA-UNM 737-300 Gear collapse on landing
22 Nov 2015 - EX-37005 737-300 Gear collapse on landing
16 Nov 2015 - The ATSB have issued their final report into the tailstrike on take-off of 737-800 VH-VZR on 1 Aug 2014
06 Nov 2015 - Batik Air 737-900ER PK-LBO (38731/4463) runway excursion on landing at Yokyakarta, Indonesia.
04 Nov 2015 - The JTSB have just released their final report into the engine failure and shutdown event on 737-800, JA342J (39191/4002), at 13,000ft on departure from from Tokyo Haneda (RJTT) on 20 Oct 2012.
03 Nov 2015 - Shaheen Air 737-400 AP-BJO (27166/2410) runway excursion on landing at Lahore, Pakistan
26 Oct 2015 - ZS-OAA, 737-400, Comair, MLG collapse on landing at Johannesburg, South Africa. The F/O flared at 65 feet (instead of the recommended 20 feet) resulting in a long landing. Following touch down excessive vibrations built up which resulted in the upper torsion link failure. During disassembly of the shimmy damper oil was found in the thermal relief valve which might have impaired the operation of the shimmy damper. Significant wear was found at the upper torsion link bushes which may have contributed to the collapse. "The landing gear following the sequence of events, failed in accordance with the failsafe design purpose."
22 Oct 2015 - Peruvian Airlines 737-300 OB-2040-P MLG collapse on landing at Cusco
19 Oct 2015 - The Israeli AIB (AIAI) have issued their final report into the 737-800, 4X-EKA (29957/204), operated by El Al, which had an engine failure on take-off at Tel Aviv (LLBG) which resulted in a low speed RTO.
10 Oct 2015 - The Portuguese AIB (GPIAA) have issued their final report into the 737-800, OK-TVT (39394 / 3899), operated by Travel Servis heavy landing accident at Terceira Azores (LPLA) in windshear which resulted in damage to the nose wheel bay and surrounding fuselage.
28 Aug 2015 - 737-300CF, PK-BBY (23535/1301), operated by Cardig Air, has sustained substantial damage and MLG collapse in a landing accident at Wamena Airport (WMX), Indonesia. The aircraft undershot runway 15 on landing and came to rest at taxiway E.
15 Aug 2015 - The AAIB has published its final report into the in-flight electrical failure leading to a diversion and emergency evacuation of Boeing 737-300, G-GDFT of Jet2 at East Midlands airport, UK on 3 Sept 2015.
11 Aug 2015 - The ATSB has published its final report into the flight path management occurrence involving Boeing 737-800, VH-YIR that failed to intercept the localizer at Sydney Airport on 4 Jun 2013 leading to a loss of separation with an aircraft on approach to the parallel runway.
26 Jul 2015 - Video on YouTube of a flapless landing at Amsterdam yesterday, 25/7/15, following a diversion from Rotterdam in poor weather. Apparently the crew also reported a control problem hence the flapless approach.
The Dutch weather office subsequently reported that the summer storm had been the most severe since beginning of their recordings in 1901.
EHAM 251055Z 28030G42KT 7000 RA FEW007 BKN009 OVC018 15/14 Q0995 RERA TEMPO 30032G48KT 4000
24 Jul 2015 - The NTSB have released their final report into the 737-700 nose gear collapse on Jul 22nd 2013 at La Guardia
13 Jul 2015 - Southwest airlines 737-700 overrun at Richmond International Airport, VA (KRIC) this morning. No reported injuries.
KRIC 130354Z 00000KT 10SM BKN210 22/19 A2998 RMK AO2 SLP156 T02220189
11 Jul 2015 - The following investigation report was today, some 10 years after the event, issued by the BFU German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation into an incident in which a Lufthansa 737-300 had a wake vortex encounter behind a 747 whilst on approach into Frankfurt in Sepember 2005.
5 Jul 2015 - Korean B738 runway excursion on landing at Guam
A Korean Airlines Boeing 737-800, registration HL8224 performing flight KE-2115 from Busan (South Korea) to Guam (Guam) with 75 passengers, had gone around on approach to runway 06R from about 850 feet MSL at 02:48L (16:48L Jul 4th) due to turbulence/weather, positioned for another approach and landed on Guam's runway 06R at 03:06L (17:06Z Jul 4th) following an ILS approach, the aircraft slowed down but then the crew requested a tow advising they were unable to taxi, they might be "a little bit" outside the runway, and requested someone to have a look at the aircraft. An airport operations vehicle drove onto the runway and reported there was grass up the side of the nose gear, tower requested the crew to shut the engines down. There were no injuries, the aircraft sustained minor damage (a dent in the left engine cowl). The airline reported flight KE-2115 temporarily veered off the runway while landing in Guam but managed to return to the runway center line. An investigation is under way, a slippery runway is suspected as cause of the runway excursion. A typhoon warning for typhoon Chan-Hom was in effect for the region, a storm warning had been issued for Guam shortly after the runway excursion.
PGUM 041654Z 31009KT 1 1/4SM +RA BR OVC010 25/25 A2947 RMK AO2 SLP973 P0097 T02500250
6 Jun 2015 - WestJet Boeing 737-600 has overran Runway 24L after landing at Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, QC (YUL), Canada and came to rest in the grass. Flight WSA588 had departed Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON (YYZ) at 14:03 hours local time (18:03 UTC) and landed on runway 24L at Montreal about 15:02 LT (19:02 UTC).
METAR CYUL 051900Z 31012G23KT 1 1/2SM +SHRA SCT011 OVC022TCU 19/18 A2993 RMK SF3TCU5 PRESRR SLP134 DENSITY ALT 600FT
03 Jun 2015 - Garuda 737-800, PK-GFA, has overran Runway 13 at Makassar, Indonesia after landing on a wet runway in a thunderstorm. No injuries.
A Garuda Boeing 737-800, registration PK-GFA performing flight GA-618 from Jakarta to Makassar/Ujung Padang (Indonesia) with 144 passengers and 8 crew, landed on Makassar's runway 13 at 14:34L (06:34Z) but overran the end of the runway and came to a stop with the right main gear on the paved surface of the runway end safety area and left and nose gear on soft ground. The passengers disembarked onto the runway end safety area and were taken to the terminal. Runway 13/31 (length 2500 meters/8200 feet) was closed for about two hours until the aircraft could be moved off the runway.
WAAA 020700Z 06010G20KT 350V110 0500 +TSRA FEW017CB BKN018 24/24 Q1009 TEMPO TL0800 10010G20KT 500 TSRA FEW017CB BKN019
23 May 2015 - The Nigerian AIB have published their final report into the runway excursion involving Boeing 737-500, 5N-BLE at Yakubu Gowon Airport, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria On 21st August, 2010. Details here
28 Apr 2015 - The ATSB has published its final report into the flight path management occurence involving Boeing 737-800, VH-VYE over Queensland on 23 Feb 2013. Details here
20 Apr 2015 - The BFU has published its final report into the loss of cabin pressure incident to EI-DAH near Lugano on Apr 4th 2012. Details here
13 Apr 2015 - Jet Airways 737-800 gear collapse on landing. Details here
13 Apr 2015 - The UK Air Accident Investigation Board have issued their final report on the serious aircraft incident involving Air Contractors B737-400 at East Midlands on Apr 29th 2014 in which part of the main landing gear failed. Details here
31 Mar 2015 - The Accident Investigation Board Norway have issued their final report on the serious aircraft incident during approach to Kittilä airport in Finland (EFKT) on 26. December 2012 with a Boeing 737-800, LN-DYM, operated by Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA Details here
28 Mar 2015 - Final report published by NZ TAIC into 737-800 ZK-ZQG, stabiliser trim mechanism damage, 7 June 2013. Details here
20 Jan 2015 - The Pakistan CAA have issued their final report into the crash of 737-236A, AP-BKC whilst on approach into BBIAP, Islamabad on 20/4/2012. Details here
10 Jan 2015 - Ethiopian Cargo Airlines Boeing 737-400SF, ET-AQV (28493/2838) runway excursion on landing at Accra. Details here
30 Dec 2014 - A Boeing 737-4H6, AP-BJN, operated by Shaheen Air sustained damage in a runway excursion accident at Lahore-Allama Iqbal International Airport (LHE), Pakistan. Details here
12 Dec 2014 - The following incident report regarding a tailstrike on landing to Boeing 737-800 EI-EFB was published by the UK AAIB. Details here
5 Dec 2014 - Incident to Boeing 737-800 - Smoke Emission from Passenger Entertainment System Video Display Unit
The UAE GCAA Have just released their final report into the 737-800 IFE smoke event. Details here.
7 Nov 2014 - Ariana Boeing 737-400, YA-PIE (26086/2475) right main landing gear failure on landing.
The aircraft came to rest with the No.2 engine on the runway. Details here.
10 Oct 2011 - TC-SKF (26291/2513) Sky Airlines Boeing 737-400 Antalya Details here
22 May 2010 - 737-800W overrun at Mangalore, India
MANGALORE, India - An Air India Express passenger plane from Dubai crashed outside an airport in southern India on Saturday, killing 158 people when it burst into flames after overshooting the runway and plowing into a forest. There were only eight survivors after the Boeing 737-800, with 166 people on board including crew, appeared to have skidded off the runway in rain at Mangalore airport in Karnataka state, Air India director Anup Srivastava said. All the passengers were Indian nationals, an Air India official in Dubai said. Air India Express is the budget arm of the loss making state-run carrier Air India, which has been fending off growing competition from private airlines. First indications are that the crash was an accident, officials say. Television channels said the plane crashed around 6:30 a.m. (0100 GMT). TV images showed it struck a forested area. Flames were seen blazing from the wreckage as rescue workers fought to bring the fire under control. "The plane had broken into two. I jumped out of the plane after it crashed. I saw two other people also come out," Abdullah, a survivor from the plane, told local channel TV9 from hospital. "There was a tire-burst kind of noise. I tried to get out of the front but saw that there was a big fire. So I went back again and jumped out from there."
13 Apr 2010 - 737-300 overrun at Manokwari, Indonesia
A Merpati Nusantara Boeing 737-300, registration PK-MDF performing performing flight MZ-836 from Ujung-Padang/Makassaur to Manokwari (Indonesia) with 97 passengers and 6 crew, overran runway 35 while landing at Manokwari in rain and mist and came to a stop in a river about 170 meters past the end of the runway (2000 meters long). 23 people received injuries and were taken to a local hospital, the airplane received substantial damage, the fuselage broke up in at least two parts. No Metars are available, the local weatherstation reported at 9am local (around the time of the landing): winds 5 knots from the north, 1000 meters visibility, rain, 100% humidity, temperature 24 degrees C.
4 Oct 2009 - 737-300 overrun at Istanbul
A JAT Airways Boeing 737-300, registration YU-ANV performing flight JU-420 from Belgrade (Serbia) to Istanbul Ataturk (Istanbul) with 125 passengers and 6 crew, was landing on wet runway 06 around 12:40 local (09:40Z), but could not stop in time and overran the runway by about 50 meters stopping with all gear on soft ground. The passengers disembarked via stairs brought to the aircraft. Heavy rains were reported before the landing leaving the runway wet and slippery. Nose gear and right main gear sank into the mud and needed to be digged out. Runway 06/24 had to be closed for the recovery of the aircraft.
14 Jul 2009 - 737-300 depressurises after hole appears upper fuselage
An investigation is under way into why a 300mm (1ft) hole appeared in the upper fuselage of a Southwest Airlines Boeing 737-300, causing it to depressurise. The aircraft, which was en route from Nashville to Baltimore-Washington,
diverted to Yeager airport near Charleston, West Virginia following the 13 July incident. None of the 126 passengers and five crew members was injured in the event, which occurred around 30min into the service and prompted deployment of oxygen masks.
Initial crew reports, says the carrier, indicate that the incident is related to a "small-sized hole located approximately mid-cabin", near the top of the aircraft. The incident occurred to N387SW, a 15-year old airframe delivered to Southwest in June 1994. The hole was discovered in the upper fuselage just ahead of the vertical fin. It is clearly visible in the ceiling towards the back of the cabin in images taken inside the aircraft. The incident prompted the airline to immediately carry out inspections of its 180-strong 737-300 fleet which "did not find any issues". The US National Transportation Safety Board has launched an investigation into the incident. Southwest's oversight regime ran into problems last year when the US Federal Aviation Administration stated that it had been operating nearly 50 737 aircraft without meeting requirements for repetitive inspection to detect fatigue cracks in the fuselage.
27 Apr 2009 - Magnicharters B732 main gear up landing, engine fire at Guadalajara
The crew of a Magnicharters Boeing 737-200, flight GMT-585 from Cancun to Guadalajara (Mexico) with 108 passengers and 8 crew, reported unsafe main gear while on approach to Guadalajara, went around and entered a holding to troubleshoot and burn off fuel for approximately 30 minutes. The gear trouble could not be resolved, the crew had to decide to land without main landing gear. The crew managed to touch down and bring the airplane to a stop on both engine pods and the nose gear. The left engine caught fire during the slow down, the fire was quickly doused by the emergency services attending the landing. All occupants were evacuated via slides. The airport reported 4 passengers received minor injuries, one of them was brought to a hospital. The airplane sustained substantial damage to engines and flaps. Local Mexican Media report the tail number had been XA-MAS, however, that registration belonged last to a Boeing 707.
737-800 TC-JGE Accident at Schiphol Airport, Amsterdam - 25 February 2009
25 Feb 2009; TC-JGE, 737-800, 29789/1065, FF 24 Jan 02, Turkish Airlines; Amsterdam, Netherlands: The aircraft was making a coupled ILS to runway 18R when the Captains radio altimeter erroneously indicated ground level. The autothrottle retarded the thrust levers as though for an autoland which was not noticed by the crew. 1m40s later at 100kts the stickshaker activated and the F/O started to recover; the Captain took control but did not notice the autothrottle again retard the thrust levers. The aircraft impacted tail first and broke into 3 pieces. 9 of the 134 on board died.
10 Feb 2009 - IAC summarized the investigation of the 737-500 crash in Perm
Video here: http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=252247
21 Dec 2008 - 737 departs side of runway at DIA
DENVER -- A Continental Airlines jet taking off from Denver International Airport Saturday night veered off the runway, plunging into a ravine and catching fire, forcing 112 passengers and crew members to evacuate on emergency slides and then flee uphill to safety. The passengers were treated and triaged at the airport and 38 people were transported to the hospital, said Denver International Airport manager of aviation Kim Day. Ten people were transported to Denver Health, nine people to University of Colorado Hospital, four people to Swedish Medical Center and 15 to Aurora Medical Center. There were no deaths involved and the majority of the injuries were minor, the airport said. Fourteen people have moderate injuries and the rest have minor injuries, said Denver Health spokesman Scott Bookman. University of Colorado Hospital said two of its patients were initially listed in fair condition but are now listed in critical with fractures. Continental Flight 1404 was leaving Denver for Houston at 6:18 p.m., when something went wrong, said Laura Brown, spokeswoman for the Federal Aviation Administration. The sequence of the events remains unclear but airport officials said the Boeing 737 had traveled 2,000 feet down the runway when it suddenly veered 200 feet from Runway 34 Right and down a ravine. It's not clear if the plane ever got off the ground but debris scattered on the runway indicate that it had lifted off, at least briefly, said Denver Fire Department Division Chief Patrick Hynes. "The plane's wheels had completely sheared off," Hynes said. The plane's right wing caught fire and the flames spread to the cabin and the cockpit, but only after 107 passengers and five crew members were evacuated from the aircraft. Many of the injuries were the result of a emergency exit chute on the left side of the plane, which was about 6 feet short of the ground, according to people who talked to Call 7 Investigator Tony Kovaleski. Passengers were rapidly sliding down the chute, but when the reached the end of it, they fell another six feet before hitting the ground. There were many broken bones and bruises as a result of the escape. A source told 7NEWS that two of the 38 people injuries were Continental crew members.
Source: Investigators To Look Closely At Wind Shear A source close to the initial investigation who spoke to Kovaleski said investigators are looking very closely at wind shear and a potential gust of wind as the cause of the plane crash. Investigators with the National Transportation Board, who arrived around midnight, will be inspecting instruments at the airport that measure wind shear as part of their investigation. There was a crosswind of 31 knots at the time of the crash, airport officials said. Two passengers who are from Northern Colorado, and were on the way to Houston for the holidays, said they were sitting on the left side of the plane when they felt a wind gust move them off the runway, causing the plane to bank heavily to the right and forcing the right wing to hit the ground. "All of the sudden, the plane just turned sideways," said one passenger, who asked not to be identified. "We were going down the runway and it was just ... It was like we were in the air and then we weren't." "They had a very stiff crosswind tonight -- 31knots -- that's pretty stiff. Taking off in an aircraft, it can give you the feeling that the airplane is actually flying. The plane is starting to ride real light on the struts, so people may have thought they were flying, when in actuality the airplane was still on the ground," said Greg Feith a former NTSB Investigator. "It could have been more catastrophic if that had happened in flight," he said.
Passengers Describe Frightening Sight -- Fire "I closed my eyes, started to doze off... and we started getting up to speed, and right about the time I thought the plane should be starting to take off... we started to turn. I opened my eyes and looked down out of the window, and we were still on the ground. We hit a bump, took flight for a little bit, everybody in the cabin started screaming a little bit, and we hit another bump," said Alex Zamora, who was on board the flight. He said he was sitting in the eighth row, which he said was right over the engine that caught fire and that's all he could see. "At some point, the engine that was to my right seemed to blow up. I could see the fire out of the windows and we were still making forward progress. We hit something and stopped," Zamora said. "Someone went to open the emergency door on my side, but someone stopped him because obviously there was fire just outside the door." Zamora said he was sitting in the emergency exit row on the right side of the plane but they couldn't exit that way. "They got the emergency door open on the other side. We all piled out ... There was already smoke in the cabin and people were jumping over seats. People in the front and rear had exits, but the people in the middle only had one exit because of the fire on my side. At first everyone was pushing and shoving, the wing was smashed on the side where we're exiting and everyone was falling a little but most of us got out OK," Zamora said. "After we all piled out we started to run up to a hill towards an emergency building that houses fire trucks." Zamora said he has a couple bruises and a couple cuts on his hand but there were some people reporting back pain and neck pain. Other passengers talked about how there was a shared sense of camraderie and relief after the incident, with high-fives going around as they waited in the terminal to be processed. Boulder resident Mike Wilson was onboard the flight and has been twittering ever since the crash. "My glasses fell off in the mass exodus getting off the plane," Wilson wrote. "Can't see very well." Wilson said he was taken to the Continental presidents club at the airport "until they can sort everything out." Wilson, who goes by the screen name 2drinksbehind, said, "You have your wits scared out of you, drag your butt out of a flaming ball of wreckage and you can't even get a vodka-tonic. Boo." He seems to be dealing with the crash with some humor. "This was crash #2 for me. Maybe I should start taking the bus," he wrote. Andrew Lefkiw, who was supposed to be on the flight, said his shuttle from Telluride was delayed so he missed the flight. His friend, however, was on the flight and was being treated for smoke inhalation. Lefkiw said his friend described how luggage from the overhead compartment fell on them as the interior shelf started melting due to the heat from the fire.
Firefighters Describe Surreal Sight When firefighters arrived minutes after the crash they had a difficult time narrowing down exactly where the plane ended up, said Denver Fire Chief Patrick Hynes. "They described a surreal scene. Heavy fire on the right side of the aircraft, all chutes deployed, from both sides of the aircraft, people evacuating and walking up the hillside toward them," Hynes said. "Much like a movie, some people coming out of the smoke and up the hill." Hynes said the fire burned the entire right side of the plane but the plane remains intact. Melted plastic from the overhead compartments dripped onto the seats down below, he said. "We were able to extinguish the fire rather quickly. It was described as a heck of a firefight from the commanding officer. He was very proud of how his crews reacted, and the outcome of this incident," Hynes said. Debris remained on the runway, with the plane about 200 yards away. The plane will remain in the ravine until investigators have cleared the site. Airport officials are expected to bus media crews out to the site.
Delays Ripple Through DIA; Delays Expected Sunday Even thought the fire was quickly extinguished there was a lot of activity at the airport. The west airfield will remain closed, said Airport Manager Kim Day. She said the airport is up and running with about a 40-minute delay for all flights. She said the delays will continue through Sunday and suggested passengers who have flights out of DIA on Sunday call their airline to check on the status of their flight. Crash Investigation Continues Into Daylight The investigation into what caused the plane to veer off Runway 34 Right at the Whiskey Charlie intersection is expected to take weeks, if not months. "At daylight they're going to be mapping the wreckage on the runway. They're going to be looking for debris because that's going to give them some clues whether there's a problem with the airplane that led to an aborted takeoff," Feith said. "The other two things that are going to be critical are the flight data recorder and the cockpit recorder, which will tell the investigators what happened, not necessarily why." Continental released a statement Saturday night saying, "Continental and Denver International Airport are providing assistance to the passengers at this time. A number of injuries have been reported and authorities are transporting passengers and crew to area medical facilities as necessary. The company is in the process of collecting additional information and will communicate additional information once it is known." Continental's management team will fly out Sunday morning to Denver to handle the situation and help with the investigation. Continental chairman and Chief Executive Officer Larry Kellner said any passenger on this flight, who wants to get to Houston quickly, will be taken care of on an individual basis. Several passengers who were not injured have already been booked on other flights for Sunday. The passengers who weren't taken to the hospitals were shuttled to a secure location within the airport terminal, where they met with family members, airline personnel and Red Cross workers. Anyone who has a family member on the flight and who would like to know about that family member's status can call Continental Airlines at 800-621-3263.
11 Nov 2008 - Itek Air 737-200 crash caused by pilot error, transport minister says
11/11-2008 14:31, Bishkek – News Agency “24.kg”, By Aizada KUTUEVA
Kyrgyz Transport Minister, Nurlan Sulaimanov, said pilot error was likely to blame for the passenger jet crash in August that killed 74. The minister said that a Russian-led investigation finally drew the conclusion after studying onboard recordings. The Itek Air's Boeing-737 bound for Iran crashed on August 24, shortly after takeoff from the main Kyrgyz airport Manas. The investigation is ongoing.
13 Feb 2008 - Two years later, Nigeria yet to investigate air crash
( dpa ) - More than two years after a Boeing 737 passenger plane crashed in Nigeria, the country's accident bureau Tuesday accused police of holding up an investigation into the cause of the crash.
The plane, belonging to a local airline, Bellview, disappeared from the radar minutes after take-off from Lagos in Nigeria's southwest, on its way to Abuja, on October 23, 2005.
The plane killed all 116 passengers and crew on board.
Samuel Oduselu, commissioner of the Accident Investigation Bureau, said the Nigerian police claimed they retrieved the black box of the aircraft shortly after the crash, but had yet to hand it over to the accident bureau.
"The black box, the flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder are important components in an aircraft," he said.
Those items would enable investigators determine "what went wrong and what happened" during the flight.
"The police said they found the recorder and we have been writing to them. Up to now, they cannot tell us the one they found, where it is and to whom they gave it," he said.
"The police has no business holding the two components."
1 Nov 2007 MALANG, Indonesia: A jetliner carrying 97 passengers and crew skidded off a rain-soaked runway at an airport on Indonesia's Java island Thursday, forcing an emergency evacuation in which five people received minor injuries, officials said. The Boeing 737-200's front axle snapped during the landing in a downpour at Malang airport. The Mandala Airlines aircraft skidded and overshot the runway by 80 meters (260 feet), air force spokesman Capt. Wahyudi said five people suffered scrapes and bruises while exiting the plane. Officials at Mandala Airlines said the cause of the accident was being investigated.
22 Oct 2007
Subject: Final NTSC investigation report into the Boeing 737 accident at Yogyakarta on 7 March 2007 involving Garuda Indonesia flight GA200
On 7 March 2007, a Boeing Company 737-497 aircraft, registered PK-GZC, was being operated by Garuda Indonesia on an instrument flight rules (IFR), scheduled passenger service, as flight number GA200 from Soekarno-Hatta Airport, Jakarta to Adi Sucipto Airport, Yogyakarta. There were two pilots, five flight attendants, and 133 passengers on board.
The pilot in command (PIC) was the pilot flying, and the copilot was the support/monitoring pilot. The PIC intended to make an instrument landing system (ILS) approach to runway 09 at Yogyakarta and briefed the copilot accordingly. Yogya Approach cleared the aircraft for a visual approach, with a requirement to proceed to long final and report runway in sight. Although the crew acknowledged the visual approach clearance, they continued with the ILS approach, but did not inform the controller. The descent and approach were conducted in visual meteorological conditions.
At 23:55:33, when the aircraft was 10.1 miles from the runway, it was 1,427 feet above the initial fix of 2,500 feet published in the approach chart, and the airspeed was 283 knots. The pilot in command descended the aircraft steeply in an attempt to reach the runway, but in doing so, the airspeed increased excessively. As the aircraft was being flown at speeds that were in excess of the wing flaps operation speed, the copilot elected not to extend the flaps as instructed by the PIC. During the approach, the Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) alerts and warnings sounded 15 times and the copilot called for the PIC to go around.
The PIC continued the approach with flaps 5 degrees, and the aircraft attained the glideslope near the runway 09 threshold. Flaps 5 degrees is not a landing flap setting. The aircraft crossed the threshold, 89 feet above the runway, at an airspeed of 232 knots, 98 knots faster than the required landing speed for flaps 40 degrees. The wind was north easterly at 9 knots. The groundspeed was 235 knots. The aircraft touched down at an airspeed of 221 knots, 87 knots faster than landing speed for 40 degrees flap.
Shortly after touching down, the copilot called, with high intonation, for the PIC to go around. The aircraft overran the departure end of runway 09, to the right of the centerline at 110 knots. The aircraft crossed a road, and impacted an embankment before stopping in a rice paddy field 252 meters from the threshold of runway 27 (departure end of runway 09). The aircraft was fired by the impact forces and an intense, fuel-fed, post-impact fire. There were 119 survivors. One flight attendant and 20 passengers were fatally injured. One flight attendant and 11 passengers were seriously injured.
The aircraft was flown at an excessive airspeed and steep flight path angle during the approach and landing, resulting in an unstabilized approach. The PIC did not follow company procedures that required him to fly a stabilized approach, and he did not abort the landing and go around when the approach was not stabilized. His attention was fixated or channelized on landing the aircraft on the runway and he either did not hear, or disregarded the GPWS alerts and warnings and calls from the copilot to go around.
The investigation determined that the flight crew’s compliance with procedures was not at a level to ensure the safe operation of the aircraft.
The copilot did not follow company procedures and take control of the aircraft from the PIC when he saw that the pilot in command repeatedly ignored the GPWS alerts and warnings. The Garuda Simulator Pilot – Proficiency Check records showed no evidence of training or proficiency checks in the vital actions and responses to be taken in the event of GPWS or EGPWS alerts and warnings, such as ‘TOO LOW TERRAIN’ and ‘WHOOP, WHOOP, PULL UP’.
The Garuda Basic Operation Manual instructed a copilot to take control of the aircraft from the PIC, and execute a go around, when an unsafe condition exists. The records also showed no evidence that the copilot had been checked or received simulator training in the appropriate vital actions and responses required to retrieve a perceived or real situation that might compromize the safe operation of the aircraft.
The Directorate General of Civil Aviation’s flying operations surveillance of Garuda was not effective in identifying these and other safety deficiencies.
The Yogyakarta Airport’s rescue and fire fighting services vehicles were unable to reach the accident site and some did not have appropriate fire suppressant. The delay in extinguishing the fire, and the lack of appropriate fire suppressant agents, may have significantly reduced survivability. The airport emergency plan and its implementation were less than effective.
The report highlights that deviations from recommended practice and standard operating procedures are a potential hazard, particularly during the approach and landing phase of flight, and increase the risk of approach and landing accidents. It also highlights that crew coordination is less than effective, if crew members do not work together as an integrated team. Support crew members have a duty and responsibility to ensure that the safety of a flight is not compromized by non compliance with standard operating procedures and recommended practices.
The report includes a number of recommendations made by the NTSC, with the intention of enhancing the safety of flight by Indonesian airlines. These recommendations are drawn to the attention of DGCA, and Indonesian airport and airline operators and maintainers, and include flying operations procedures, training and checking, safety and regulatory oversight and surveillance, serviceability of flight recorders, and airport emergency planning and equipment.
A number of safety actions by Angkasa Pura I to address safety deficiencies with respect to airport emergency preparedness and associated services and equipment are also included. Since the accident, an access road between the airport perimeter and the area of the accident site has been constructed.
On 2 April 2007, Garuda issued a notice to its pilots reinforcing its mandatory policy relating to a pilot monitoring to take control of an aircraft and execute a go around in instances of unstabilized approach, when the pilot flying does not make an appropriate response. The notice assures pilots that the company will not take disciplinary measures for a go around executed under any unsafe or unstabilized approach.
1 Sep 2007 - Japanese officials find key part missing in jet
Inspectors found a key part missing in a Boeing jetliner during an emergency check prompted by the explosion of a similar plane last week in southern Japan, officials said Friday. Inspectors found a washer missing from a wing slat in a Boeing 737-700 airplane owned by Air Nippon, an oversight that could have led to a bolt coming loose, said Transport Ministry official Atsushi Shimamura.
On Aug. 20, a China Airlines Boeing 737-800 landed at Okinawa's Naha airport and exploded in a fireball seconds after all 157 passengers and eight crew were safely evacuated.
Investigators found that a bolt on the right wing slat had come loose and pierced a fuel tank, causing fuel to gush out and catch fire. Later, three parts including a washer were found near the fuel tank.
Authorities do not yet know whether the bolt came loose because the washer was not in place.
Following the explosion, officials were ordered to inspect all Boeing's newer 737 jetliners in Japan. There are 23 of them owned by three airline companies.
Shimamura said that inspectors had not reached a conclusion about why the washer was missing from the Air Nippon plane, but that it was possible the mistake was made during production of the plane. Air Nippon had used the new aircraft since January.
Boeing spokesman Mark Hooper in Hong Kong said he could not comment on this particular case, but he pointed to a statement saying the Chicago-based company was examining the plane's design and production to find a cause for the fire.
28 Aug 2007 - CVR & FCR Recovered from Adam Air 737-400
JAKARTA (Reuters) - A U.S. salvage company has retrieved the flight data and cockpit voice recorders from an Indonesian plane that crashed into the ocean in January with 102 people on board, officials said on Tuesday.
The Boeing 737-400, operated by budget carrier Adam Air, went down on New Year's day in the sea off south Sulawesi in one of the country's worst air disasters.
An underwater robot scouring the sea off Majene on Sulawesi retrieved the flight data recorder on Monday and cockpit voice recorder on Tuesday, said Tatang Kurniadi, chief of the Indonesian Transport Safety Commission.
The two devices were found at a depth of around 2,000 metres and were 1,400 metres apart, he said.
The search effort was conducted by the U.S. seabed salvage company, Phoenix International, in cooperation with the U.S. National Transport Safety Board and the Indonesian commission.
"The black box will be sent to Washington for analysis," Kurniadi told a news conference in Jakarta. The analysis to try to determine the cause of the accident could take months, he added.
The black box refers to the flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder.
Efforts to recover the black box were delayed due to disagreements between the government and Adam Air over who should bear the cost.
The 17-year-old plane was heading from Surabaya in East Java to Manado in northern Sulawesi when it vanished in bad weather. The plane made no distress call, although the pilot had reported concerns over crosswinds.
27 Aug 2007 - Bolt put in wrong in China Airways jet that burned
TOKYO — The bolt that came loose and damaged the fuel tank of the China Airlines jet that burst into flames at Okinawa's Naha Airport last Monday likely was incorrectly installed, as a washer and other parts that should have been installed with it have not been found, officials of a government commission investigating the accident said.
All 165 people aboard evacuated the Taiwanese jetliner seconds before it exploded shortly after arrival.
The Construction and Transport Ministry's Aircraft and Railway Accidents Investigation Commission has learned that the Boeing 737-800 underwent a scheduled periodical checkup in July.
As part of this checkup, the bolt in question — part of a slat in the plane's right wing — was removed for examination before being re-installed and passing the maintenance check, the officials said.
The commission assumes the bolt was incorrectly re-installed during the checkup, and subsequent checks did not discover the problem. The commission said it will continue its investigation while considering the possibility of a maintenance error on the part of the airline.
The commission finished its inspection of the plane Saturday.
Though it initially suspected fuel pipes inside an engine mount beneath the right wing caused the fuel leak, no problems were found with them.
The commission concluded the bolt dislodged and pierced the wall of the fuel tank, resulting in the leak, according to the officials.
The plane's maintenance record showed work to replace the parts was done in line with Boeing's instructions.
25 Aug 2007 - Emergency Slat Bolt AD Issued
23 Aug 2007 - Investigators find hole in fuel tank
TOKYO (AP) - Investigators Thursday found that a bolt had pierced the fuel tank of a Taiwanese jetliner that caught fire after landing in Japan, forcing all 165 people aboard to evacuate the plane seconds before it exploded, officials said.
A fuel leak through that hole likely caused Monday's fire on the China Airlines Boeing 737-800, said Kazushige Daiki, chief investigator at Japan's Aircraft and Railway Accidents Investigation Commission.
All 157 passengers and eight crew evacuated safely at the airport on the resort island of Okinawa before the explosion. The pilots jumped from the cockpit window just before the jet erupted in a fireball.
Daiki said aviation officials investigating the wreckage found a bolt from a right wing slat piercing the fuel tank. The hole was about 0.8-1.2 inches in diameter. Investigators were still trying to determine how the bolt got into the tank.
"The bolt pierced through the fuel tank, and we believe that caused fuel to leak out," Daiki said.
Following Thursday's findings, Japan's Transport Ministry ordered three Japanese airlines that own Boeing 737-800s to inspect the leading edge slats on the main wings to ensure bolts are in place before their first flight takes off Friday morning, said ministry spokesman Yusuke Asakura.
Slats slide out from the frontal edge of the main wings during takeoff and landing to stabilize the aircraft, along with flaps that come out of the wings' rear edge.
Aircraft maker Boeing Co. has in the past received reports of several similar cases in which the bolt penetrated the fuel tank and instructed airlines in December 2005 to inspect their 737-800s, Kyodo News agency reported, citing Japanese transport officials.
Boeing spokesman Mark Hooper declined to comment on the report because the "investigation has not concluded."
Ground engineers had said they saw fuel leaking from the plane's right engine as it pulled into a parking spot after arriving from Taiwan.
Investigators had earlier suspected damage to the pylon connecting the engine to the right wing. But Harumi Tsurumi, a spokesman for the Accidents Investigation Commission, said the experts took apart the pylon and found no major problems so far.
20 Aug 2007 - China Airlines 737-800 Destroyed by Fire on Ground
NAHA, Japan (AP)--Passengers used emergency slides to evacuate a China Airlines (2610.TW) jet just minutes before the plane burst into a fireball Monday on the tarmac.
All 165 people aboard escaped unhurt, including the pilot, who jumped from the cockpit at the last second.
Transport Ministry official Akihiko Tamura told reporters that airport traffic controllers had received no report from the pilot indicating anything was wrong with the Boeing 737-800.
"The fire started when the left engine exploded a minute after the aircraft entered the parking spot," Tamura said.
The plane burst into flames seconds after the last crew member escaped from a rear door and the pilot jumped from the cockpit window, according to footage from national broadcaster NHK.
The aircraft skidded on the tarmac on its way from the runway to the gate after landing, starting a fire that prompted the emergency evacuation, according to China Airlines spokesman Sun Hung-wen.
"After the plane landed, there were flames, and I heard explosions a few times, then saw black smoke," Hideaki Oyadomari, an airport worker, told NHK. " We felt the hot air coming our way."
Japan's National Police Agency said terrorism was not suspected. Initial reports from ground personnel showed that a fuel leak from the right engine could have led to a series of explosions, according to another Transport Ministry official, Fumio Yasukawa.
Local fire official Hiroki Shimabukuro said two passengers - a 7-year-old girl and a man in his 50s - were hospitalized because they felt unwell, but not because they were injured. A ground engineer was knocked off his feet by the force of the blast, but was not hurt, the ministry said.
The fire was put out about an hour later, leaving the aircraft charred and mangled.
Several passengers told NHK they were preparing to get off the plane after what seemed like an ordinary landing when they were suddenly told to use the emergency slides to evacuate.
Some said they saw smoke and flames entering the cabin and that there was a stampede to exit. Minutes later, many said, they heard explosions.
"I suddenly saw flames beside me, and everybody started rushing to get out," a male passenger told NHK. "People were pushing and shoving in panic," he said.
"I felt the boom of the explosion behind me as soon as I got off," a female passenger said.
Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration head Chang Kuo-cheng said authorities ordered China Airlines and its subsidiary, Mandarin Airlines, to ground their 13 other Boeing 737-800s pending a thorough inspection.
Japanese aviation authorities also ordered an emergency inspection of all Boeing 737-800 planes owned by Japanese airlines, as well as some 737-700 models that carry a similar engine.
China Airlines' 737-800 had CFM 56 engines, made by CFM International, a joint venture between GE Aviation, a unit of General Electric Co. (GE), and France's Snecma, Boeing spokesman Jim Proulx said. All 737-800s are built with the same engine.
Proulx said Boeing was prepared to send technical assistance if requested by the Japan Aircraft and Railway Accidents Investigation Commission.
The Okinawa fire is a setback to China Airlines, which in recent years appeared to have improved on a troubled safety record among international carriers.
A China Airlines 747 crashed in 2002 as it flew from Taipei to Hong Kong, leading to 225 deaths, and some 450 people died in China Airlines accidents during the 1990s.
"We are prepared to do its best to get to the bottom of this incident," China Airlines President Zhao Guoshi told reporters at a press conference at Naha airport late Monday. "I apologize for the trouble we have caused our passengers."
8 May 2007 - MBANGA PONGO, Cameroon (Reuters) - Cameroon opened an inquiry on Tuesday into the crash of a Kenya Airways plane which rescuers took two days to find, and forensic experts began trying to identify the remains of the 114 victims.
Investigators and rescue officials, struggling in knee-deep mud softened by recent rain, pored over the shattered wreckage of the Boeing 737-800, which plunged into swampy jungle minutes after takeoff from Cameroon's second city Douala late on Friday.
The inquiry was expected to focus not only on why the plane, only six months old, came down in stormy weather, but also why rescuers took 48 hours to find the crash site.
"From the end of the runway (to the crash site) it is 5.42 kilometres (3.37 miles) ... relatively close to Douala airport," Kenyan government spokesman Alfred Mutua said in Nairobi.
Search parties and a radar-equipped helicopter had spent the weekend scouring forests in southern Cameroon, 150 km (95 miles) away.
Cameroonian officials have said initial search efforts were based on satellite tracking data from Europe which seemed to put the plane's last position over the forests of south Cameroon.
Celeste Mandeng of Cameroon's Civil Protection Service said investigators would cover all possibilities, including whether the pilot turned back and tried to land again at Douala.
05 May 2007 - Kenya Airways 737-800 missing after take-off from Cameroon
PRESS STATEMENT. Released at 1900hrs
Flight KQ 507 operated by a 737-800 aircraft which departed from Douala at 00:05 local time and was due to arrive in Nairobi at 06:15 but has not arrived.
The last message from the aircraft was received by the control tower in Douala immediately after take off. There were 105 passengers and 9 crew members on board. The nationalities of the people on board are as shown on the attached list. The nationality of 2 passengers is yet to be confirmed. We have now confirmed the nationality of 1 of the 3 unidentified passengers as Mauritanian.
Kenya Airways have opened a crisis management centre in Embakasi to monitor the situation and information is being disseminated on a regular basis.
An international passenger information centre has been opened in South Africa where all questions can be addressed. The public enquiry number is +27 11 2071100.
A local passenger information centre has been opened at the Intercontinental Hotel where all questions can be addressed. The public enquiry numbers are +254-20-3200353, +254-20-3200354, +254-20-3274349.
A team from Nairobi comprising Kenya Airways and appropriate Kenya Government authorities is being assembled and will leave for Douala later today.
Unless any pertinent information comes up in the course of the evening, the next press briefing is scheduled to be held at Panari Hotel on Sunday 6th May 2007 at 0900hrs.
A brief update on the situation in Douala:
There was a brief disturbance at Douala Airport in the morning, but the situation is now calm.
A distress signal was picked up on the West Coast of Africa and a search and rescue mission, initiated by the Cameroonian authorities, was initiated this morning. The search location was 100km South West of Yaoundé. The search aircraft flew over the zone extensively at low altitude but did not locate the missing aircraft. The Kenya Airways country manager in Cameroon was part of the search team.
A coordination centre has been set up where most of the Cameroonian Government authorities including police, state police, Air Force, Cameroon Civil Aviation Authorities, ASECNA, the Army, National Intelligence Agency and Kenya Airways team are present.
A helicopter has taken off to comb the area from Eseka to Ebolowa south east of Douala. The area being searched is very dense equatorial forest and there is heavy rainfall reported which is affecting the search exercise. Our offices in Douala and Yaoundé continue to remain open for any enquiries.
07 Mar 2007 - Garuda 737-400 w/o after landing in Java.
YOGYAKARTA, Indonesia — Investigators probing the crash-landing of a Boeing 737-400 that burst into flames after careening off a runway, killing 21 people, said today the jetliner's front wheels had snapped off as it touched down.
"We are trying to find out why the wheel broke," said investigator Marjdono Siswo Suwarno.
Forensic doctors struggled to identify the dead from Wednesday's crash-landing and fire of the Garuda Airlines jet, with many burned beyond recognition.
Suwarno said that after the plane's front wheels broke off, fuel tanks in the right wing were ruptured, enabling the fire to spread.
About 117 dazed and bloodied survivors staggered from the plane after it broke through a fence and came to rest in a rice paddy. Most escaped without major injuries, although several suffered burns and broken bones.
Those killed were trapped in the wreckage of the plane after it caught fire, sending billowing clouds of black smoke and orange flames high into the air. The plane had been carrying 140 passengers and crew, officials said.
The accident at Yogyakarta international airport on Java island was the third plane crash in as many months in Indonesia, raising urgent questions about the safety of the country's booming airline sector.
At least four Australians were among the dead, Indonesian officials said. One other Australian was feared dead, but her body had not been formally identified yet. Two other people remained unaccounted for.
Australian and Indonesian crash investigators examined the blackened fuselage and other parts of the plane scattered over a brilliant green rice paddy at the end of the runway, taking photos and notes as they worked.
Both of the plane's flight data recorders had been found and would be sent to Australia for analysis, investigators said.
"It is clear there are no indications of sabotage or intentional explosions in this crash as yet," said Joseph Tumenggung, the head of the investigation team.
The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board said it was sending a team to help the Indonesian government investigate.
Alessandro Bertellotti, a journalist with Italian broadcaster RAI, said the plane was going at a "crazy speed" as it approached Yogyakarta airport after a 50-minute flight from the capital, Jakarta.
"It was going into a dive and I was certain we would crash on the ground," Bertellotti told the Italian news agency ANSA. "I was sitting behind the wing. I saw that the pilot was trying to stop it, but it was too fast. It literarily bounced on the strip."
Several survivors said pilots and flight attendants opened emergency exits and directed passengers to them. The evacuation was orderly for the most part, with some passengers able to take their hand-luggage with them.
"A stewardess opened the door behind me and I was among the first people to get out," Bertellotti told ANSA.
Australian forensic experts were helping Indonesian doctors working to identify bodies in the morgue of the city's Sarjito Hospital. Some relatives argued with doctors, demanding permission to take bodies home they thought they recognized before dental or DNA checks were performed.
"I definitely recognize the body of my brother," said Salamun, who goes by a single name. "We asked doctors to bring him home because as Muslims we want him buried immediately, but doctors required dental records of my brother. This bureaucracy is making us crazy."
As of today, the bodies of 16 victims had been identified, doctor Col. Slamet Pornomo said.
The Indonesian government ordered an investigation into the crash, the latest in a series of accidents in the country.
On New Year's Day, a jet plummeted into the sea, killing all 102 people aboard. Weeks later, a plane broke apart on landing, though there were no casualties. There have also been several ferry sinkings, one of which killed 400.
In response, the government has said it would ban commercial airlines from operating planes more than 10 years old, but most experts say maintenance must be improved and the number of flights per day limited.
Some also have called for Transportation Minister Hatta Radjasa to resign.
"He should not be allowed to wash his hands of this," Burhanuddin Napitulu, senior lawmaker from Indonesia's ruling party. "The public has lost all trust. They are too scared to take planes, trains or ferries any more because the disasters are never-ending."
Dozens of airlines have emerged since Indonesia started deregulating the industry in the late 1990s, and the rapid expansion has raised concerns that growth has outpaced the supply of trained aviation professionals, regulatory oversight, parts and ground infrastructure.
Although Garuda has had nine plane crashes in the past 30 years, killing 330, the airline has made strides recently on improving its safety regulations and training pilots, experts said.
01 Jan 2007 - Adam Air 737-400 missing in Indonesia.
JAKARTA (Reuters) - Contact was lost on Monday with an Adam Air Boeing 737-400 plane flying between Indonesian islands with 96 passengers and six crew on board, Indonesian officials said.
The plane was flying from Surabaya on Java island to Manado on Sulawesi island. Tatang Ikhsan, director general at the transport ministry said on Elshinta radio that the flight had originated in Jakarta with a stop in Surabaya.
It left Surabaya at 1 p.m. (0600 GMT) and was scheduled to land just over two hours later in Manado in North Sulawesi.
Contact was lost when the plane was at an altitude of 35,000 feet, about one hour before it was due to land, Ikhsan said.
He later told a news conference that a Singapore satellite picked up a distress signal from a plane 83 nautical miles northwest of Makassar, the capital of South Sulawesi province.
"We call on other flights which crossed this route to provide information on any distress signal," he said.
Transport Minister Hatta Rajasa said the plane had been sighted above the Mamuju forest on Sulawesi.
"(It was) preliminary information from a plane flying above it. It will be the first clue for SAR (Search and Rescue) to move to the area," he told Elshinta radio, adding that rescuers had already been ordered to go.
"Let's hope it made an emergency landing," he said.
Update 11 Jan 2007
MAKASSAR, Indonesia (Reuters) - Pieces of an Indonesian airliner which vanished with 102 people on board have been found on the ocean floor, officials said on Thursday, after a painstaking 10-day search from jungles to stormy seas.
Parts including a tail stabilizer and flight attendant seats were confirmed or reported found in the sea and on beaches near the town of Pare Pare on the west coast of Sulawesi island. A top search official later said that a woman's body recovered in the vicinity was not that of a missing passenger. Exhausted relatives expressed relief that they finally had firm news on the plane, even if the news was not good, after a long wait and an erroneous report that the airliner had crashed in the jungle and some people had survived.
The Adam Air Boeing 737-400 was heading from Surabaya in Central Java to Manado in northern Sulawesi when it vanished in bad weather on New Year's Day. The plane made no distress call, although the pilot had reported concerns over the weather.
"This morning I announced that there has been a finding of a part of Adam Air. What was found was the right tail's stabilizer number 65C25746-76. This thing was found by a fisherman in Pare Pare," said Eddy Suyanto, who has been coordinating search efforts from an air base in the South Sulawesi capital, Makassar.
"This object has the same number as the Boeing catalog," he told reporters, displaying the slightly scratched white stabilizer of about 1 meter (3 ft) in length found on Wednesday.
Two flight attendant seats were also found on a beach on Thursday in the same general area, search and rescue official Immal Yuhani told Reuters. A stream of other apparent wreckage had also been found and was being examined, said Genot Hardianto, the chief of police at Pare Pare, about 100 km (60 miles) north of Makassar.
"So far there have been eight fragments made of fiber and aluminum in sizes ranging from 25 to 50 cm long, a life vest, an ID card, a flare and a headrest," he said.
Metro Television showed footage of a series of local people holding what appeared to be plane fragments. One elderly woman showed a small square piece of mangled, white wreckage.
Elshinta radio said fishermen had discovered a life vest wrapper 10 km from the stabilizer's location.
Earlier, a police official told Reuters the body of a woman, estimated to be in her 30s, had been recovered, but Suyanto had ruled out her as one of the passengers. He did not elaborate.
Update 4 Jan 2007
January 27, 2007 16:42 PM
SAR Team Stops Search For Adam Air Plane
By Mohd Nasir Yusoff
JAKARTA, Jan 27 (Bernama) -- Efforts to find the wreckage of the Adam Air plane which went missing during a flight from Java to North Sulawesi on Jan 1 has been stopped because the plane's black box has been located.
Search and Rescue (SAR) Mission Coordinator Air Commodore Eddy Suyanto said the search operations for Adam Air plane have been stopped and the joint SAR team has been withdrawn because the black box had been located.
The Government and Adam Air management would take appropriate measures to recover the black box of the ill-fated Boeing 737-400, Eddy said in Makassar, South Sulawesi, as quoted by Antara News Agency Saturday.
He said it was impossible to evacuate the plane's passengers and crew as no dead bodies were found.
"There are no survivors among the plane's 96 passengers and six crew members, merely pieces of hair (were found)," said Eddy, who is also commander of the airbase.
Eddy said the flight data recorder was located at coordinate points of 03 41 02 southern latitude and 118 08 53 eastern longitude in Majene waters at a depth of 2,000 metres in the ocean, while the cockpit voice recorder at coordinate points of 03 40 22 southern latitude and 118 09 16 eastern longitude at a depth of 1,900 metres in the sea.
Meanwhile, Joseph Tumenggung, an investigator of the National Committee for Transportation Safety said his office would try to recover the black box.
He, however, did not set a target to recover it which is expected to uncover causes of the tragic accident.
To recover the black box, he said, sophisticated equipment was needed as the Indonesian Navy merely has a device which could be operated up to a depth of not more than 300 metres.
Meanwhile, Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Kalla was quoted by the local media as saying that if the plane's wreckage is to be lifted from the seabed, then Adam Air would have to foot the bill as the Government's responsibility was only in search and rescue.
However, lifting of the black box from such a depth was not a must, Jusuf said, adding that it would depend on the benefit of doing so as compared to the difficulties of getting it and the high cost, said to exceed US$1 million plus another US$100,000 daily operational cost.
Update 24 Aug 2007
A US-operated salvage ship has arrived in Indonesia to hunt for the black box of a jetliner that crashed into the sea on New Year's day, killing 102 passengers.
The Boeing 737-400, operated by budget carrier Adam Air, went missing off South Sulawesi, sparking a massive search.
The plane's body is thought to be in the Makassar Strait.
No bodies have been found.
An Adam Air spokesman says a salvage ship from Phoenix International is already at Makassar port to start a preliminary survey.
He says the effort is part of the carrier's commitment to determine the cause of the crash, one of the worst in Indonesian history.
He declined to say how much the company is willing to spend to recover the box, thought to be sitting 1,700 metres beneath the sea surface.
Experts have already expressed concern that the black box data may be irretrievable due to the high underwater pressure.
24 Dec 2006 - Lion Air 737-400 over-runs runway at Makassar, no injuries.
DATE: 24.12.2006 LOCAL TIME: 08:35 LOCATION: Makassar-Intl AP (WAAA) / Sulawesi COUNTRY: Indonesia AIRLINE: Lion Air TYPE: Boeing 737-4Y0 REGISTRATION: PK-LIJ C/N: 24682 AGE: 16 y + 9 m OPERATION: DSP FLIGHT No.: JT 792 FROM: Jakarta TO: Tolotio VIA: Makassar OCCUPANTS: PAX: 156 CREW: 6 FATALITIES: PAX: 0 CREW: 0 OTHER: 0 INJURIES: PAX: 0 CREW: 0 OTHER: 0 DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT: substantial / damaged beyond repair On landing runway 31 in fine weather, the aircraft ran beyond the end of the runway coming to rest about 100 m further. The entire landing gear was sheared off causing substantial damage to both engines and wings. The right stabilizer was also found damaged. There were no serious injuries among the 162 people on board. The aircraft remained closed for hours. According to local news reports, the left wing eventually contacted the runway on touchdown.
31 Oct 2006 - ADC 737-200Adv crashes after take-off from Abuja. 96 passengers & crew killed.
A MINUTE-BY-MINUTE account of how an ADC Airlines plane crashed last Sunday in Abuja was yesterday given by the Minister of Aviation, Babalola Borishade.
According to the minister, the crash, which was caused by inclement weather, could have been averted if the plane's pilot had heeded the advice of the Air Traffic Control.
Excerpts from the minister's statement reads:
The Nigeria Police have recovered the Flight Data Recorder ("Black Box") and handed it over to the AIPB. The United States National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSB), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Boeing Aircraft Company, the aircraft manufacturer and Pratt and Whitney. The engine manufacturers are expected to join the investigation team within the next 24 hours.
Meanwhile, the Boeing Aircraft Company representative in Nigeria based in Lagos has already arrived in Abuja to assist with the investigations.
This accident is surely against the run of our efforts to ensure safety in our airspace. We have installed the most versatile weather forecasting and communication equipment to meet the anticipated high weather activities.
Earlier, we also alerted the airlines and the general public of the predicted unusual weather activities and pleaded that the pilots and passengers exercise patience at the airports.
The pilot of this unfortunate accident refused to take advantage of the weather advice and the opinion of the Tower to exercise patience and allow the weather to clear for a safe take-off.
The discretionary power of the air crew to override the advice of the tower has been seen to be likely responsible for unfortunate consequences in the history of air mishaps in this country.
As a policy, the Federal Government has directed the NCAA to look into this and prepare appropriate guidelines to stop this reckless abuse of the crew discretionary powers in respect of the meteorological advice to ensure safety. Specifically, on the advice of the meteorological agency, the Tower should have the power to shut down an airport for a period of intense weather activities that may be considered dangerous for take-off and landing.
To complement the efforts of the NCAA, it is wholly the responsibility of airline operators to ensure that their crew adhere to the best practices on safety and airmanship.
04 Oct 2006 - Bellview Airlines 737-200 veers off Runway at Lagos
BARELY one month after an aircraft belonging to DHL, a courier company overran the run ways after landing, another plane yesterday veered-off the taxiway of the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Ikeja, Lagos, losing its nosewheel.
The plane, a Boeing 737-200 marked F-GHXK belonging to the Bellview Airlines was on early morning flight from Lagos to Abuja with an undisclosed number of passengers, when the incident occurred.
It was learnt that the Bellview aircraft swerved into a grassfield a feet lower than the taxiway on its way for takeoff.
The aircraft's pilot was said to have veered of the taxiway when he attempted a turning to avoid a collision with an Afrijet Airlines aircraft parked along the taxiway.
Attempt by the pilot to force the aircraft out of the grass field led to the pulling out of its nose wheel, worth about $30,000.
Confirming the incident, Director-General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), Dr. Harold Demuren who spoke on phone with Daily Champion said that investigation has already started.
Dr. Demuren, who also confirmed that no casualty was recorded said, that the authority would take appropriate action after the pilot's role has been reviewed.
He also confirmed damage of the aircraft's nose wheel, saying: "the pilot was trying to turn and the nose wheel gave up andit went into the grass field."
However, Bellview spokesman, Habib Mohammed denied any damage to the aircraft, adding that the Bellview plane did not collide with the Afriject aircraft as speculated.
Also, an engineer with Afrijet Aline, who spoke under the condition of anonymity, corroboated Mohammed's position, saying that the Bellview aircraft was quite a distant from theirs.
He, however, described the Bellview pilot's action as unprofessional.
03 Oct 2006 - Mandala 737-200 Overruns runway at Juwata
A 737-200 skidded off runway 06/24 (1845 m long) upon landing in thick haze. The aircraft stopped 50 meters (164 ft) past the runway in swampland at Tarakan-Juwata airport in Indonesia's East Kalimantan province on Borneo island. One of the engines detached and came to rest some 160 feet from the body of the plane.
"The visibility is 500 meters," said Olan Simanjuntak, a spokesman for Sultan Thaha airport in Jambi. "We are very irritated (by the haze). Officials here are using masks.". The haze, caused mostly by farmers and plantation owners setting fires to clear land, has forced many flights to be delayed or cancelled in Indonesia in recent days, with five cancellations in the Sumatra island province of Jambi on Tuesday.
All 110 passengers survived the incident without major injuries.
30 Sep 2006 - GOL 737-800 Crashes in Brazil. All 149 pax & 6 crew feared dead.
Brazil's air force has located the wreckage of a passenger plane which disappeared over the Amazon rainforest. The Boeing 737, which had 155 people on board, was flying from Manaus to the capital, Brasilia, when it vanished from radar screens.
It was found in a remote area of the rural state of Mato Grosso.
"It would be very difficult for anyone to survive such a crash," Jose Carlos Pereira, president of the Brazilian airport authority, told journalists.
"Our experience shows that when one cannot find the fuselage relatively intact and when the wreckage is concentrated in a relatively small area, the chances of finding any survivors are practically non-existent," he said.
The plane was operated by budget airline Gol.
"The wreckage of the plane was found 30 kilometres (19 miles) north of the Peixote Azevedo municipality," the company said in a statement.
Troops are attempting to make their way through the densely forested area to the scene of the crash, armed forces spokesman Maj Adolfo Aleixo told Brazilian television.
Dozens of anxious relatives and friends of those missing gathered at airports in Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro and Manaus during the night, seeking information about their loved ones.
Initial reports said the airliner appeared to have collided with a smaller private plane, but aviation officials now say this cannot be confirmed.
It had been scheduled to fly on to Rio de Janeiro from Brasilia.
Gol has expanded rapidly in recent years to become Brazil's number two carrier.
This is the first major crash involving Gol, which was founded in 2001.
In a statement, Gol said the plane involved was new, having only come into service this month.
Update 16 Nov 2006
report of the investigation on the accident with the flight 1907
5 Feb 2006 - Nok Air 737-400 Engine failure on take-off, skids off runway at BKK
A Thai budget airline jetliner skidded off a runway Sunday afternoon as it was making an emergency landing at Bangkok International Airport following engine trouble, according to company executives.
Somchainuk Engtrakul, acting president national carrier Thai Airways International, Nok Air's parent company, said some 109 passengers were aboard Nok Air flight DD7506.
The Boeing 737-400 was departing Bangkok to the southern resort island of Phuket Sunday afternoon but was forced to abort its takeoff shortly after the left engine developed trouble and stopped functioning before it lifted off.
The problem forced the plane to skid off the runway, according to Mr. Somchainuk.
THAI emergency centre director Surapol Isarangkura na Ayutthaya said that all passengers were safe and that no one was injured. They were transferred to another aircraft.
An investigation is underway to determine the cause of the engine malfunction, he said. (TNA)-E001
14 Aug 2005 - Helios Airways 737-300, 5B-DBY Crashes Near Athens
A Boeing 737-300 carrying 115 passengers and six crew, came down at 1220 local time (0920 GMT).
An airline official said most of the passengers were Cypriot, including some 48 youngsters on a trip to Prague, where the plane was due to fly after a stopover in Athens.
The jet hit a hill near Athens, approx 19NM track 005(true) from LGAV near the village Grammatiko.
Two Greek F-16 fighter jets were scrambled when contact with the Helios Airways plane was lost during the flight between Larnaca and Prague via Athens. The F16's made two passes, the first saw co-pilot slumped over controls, the second saw "two other people" on flightdeck. It is not known if they were passengers or crew.
A Greek investigator said one of the plane's black boxes had been recovered.
An investigation has begun into Greece's worst ever air crash.
Update 21 Mar 2006
‘Doomed from the outset’ By Elias Hazou
Greek paper says leaked report points to grave errors that led to crash
OVERSIGHTS ON the ground, slackness on the part of the crew during the flight, inadequate controls by the Civil Aviation Authority and faulty flightdeck consoles by Boeing – led to what has been dubbed the worst peacetime disaster in Cyprus’ recent history.
The above are the conclusions gleaned from a leaked draft of the accident report, published by Greek daily Kathimerini on Sunday. Citing its sources, the paper commented ominously that flight ZU-522, the August 14 crash of Helios Airways that claimed the lives of 121 people, was “doomed from the outset.”
According to Kathimerini, chief air investigator Akrivos Tsolakis and his team of experts have found that the confusion over the decompression warning alarm “could under no circumstances have been the cause on its own…there were dozens of other omissions in air safety that contributed to the crash.”
Now seven months in the making, Tsolakis’ voluminous probe should be ready sometime in April. It comprises 200 pages, divided into four chapters: the facts of the case; analysis of the facts; the findings/causes of the accident; and a list of safety recommendations. This is followed by thousands of pages of appendices with all the documents used in the investigation.
Kathimerini said the probe would apportion responsibility on all those involved with aviation in Cyprus, and would be particularly damning on civil aviation, for an “unparalleled absence of assessing air flight safety,” and on the airline for “criminal negligence”.
The inquiry contains some chilling details on the sequence of events. Problems began with mistakes on the ground that were subsequently not dealt with in the air. Shortly after takeoff at 9am on the fateful day, two warnings – one for the decompression system, the other for the cooling system – were sounded almost simultaneously.
The warning horn sounded after the aircraft reached an altitude of 10,000 feet. The cabin decompression switch had been left on manual by ground crew during pre-flight checks, while it should have been set to automatic.
Still, this lapse could have been detected in time by the pilots had they properly scanned their gauges and carried out a checklist of components before takeoff. The aviators apparently did not do that.
When the decompression alarm went off, the crew – who had assumed that the decompression switch was on auto – mistakenly took this for a glitch in the positioning of the flaps, because the sounds emitted in both cases are identical. As the aircraft climbed to 34,000 feet, both the pilots and passengers gradually suffered the effects of hypoxia, or low oxygen in the blood: giddiness, loss of consciousness and finally deep slumber.
Captain Hans-Juergen Merten, who had left his seat to check the cooling system, is believed to have fainted inside the cabin.
According to the paper, all the people on board suffered irreversible brain damage from the lack of oxygen, and even if anyone had actually survived the horrific crash they would have been left in a vegetative state.
That includes flight attendant Andreas Prodromou who managed to retain consciousness using a portable oxygen mask at 14,000 feet and vainly tried to fly the plane before it slammed into a ravine at Grammatikos, outside Athens.
Moving on, the probe hauls the Cypriot Civil Aviation Authority over the coals, reportedly suggesting that its system of controls was “full of holes”. Kathimerini’s sources say the agency did not carry out the necessary checks on planes and often ignored instructions from ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation). Moreover, it blew off recommendations periodically made by its two British consultants.
However, partial responsibility also lies with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) and JAA (Joint Aviation Authorities) for failing to place the local civil aviation authorities under surveillance and thus acting preventatively.
As far as Helios Airways is concerned, the probe reportedly notes the marked “lack of a safety culture” in the company. The airline’s employees were hired on six-month contracts, giving them no career prospects and thus no incentives. The same corporate policy extended to the pilots, as the airline tended to hire the “cheapest they could find”, Aircraft manufacturers Boeing also had its share of blame. In his probe, Tsolakis notes the confusion generated over the decompression warning signal and that Boeing should have taken steps to rectify this.
What is more, the company’s manual for the Boeing 737-300 was vague. Instead of explicitly instructing ground technicians to reset the decompression switch to auto, the manual simply said that the switch should be set “to the previous position,” i.e. from manual to auto.
The manual setting is used in pre-flight checks to simulate decompression situations, but needs to revert to automatic for takeoff.
According to procedure, when completed the probe will be communicated to the US’s National Transportation Safety Board and to Helios, who then need to respond to the observations within 60 days. Once their answers are in, the report will be published, opening the way for any legal proceedings by the victims’ relatives, who for months now have been agonisingly waiting for the truth to come out.
In a related development, ICAO is considering enforcing stricter controls on the civil aviation authorities of countries that are deemed to be problematic. One proposal is to appoint a “guardian” who would monitor the authorities and ensure they comply with all safety standards.
At the ICAO summit in Montreal, Canada, the heads of civil aviation authorities around the world are being asked to authorise the publication of the results of checks on the organisation’s website. ??
12 Jun 2005 - EAS 737-200Adv Overrun on Flooded Runway
ABOUT 100 passengers on board an EAS airline yesterday escaped death as the aircraft crash-landed at the Yakubu Gowon Airport, Jos after over two hours in the air due to bad weather.
The pilot of the aircraft which took off from Lagos at around 10.a.m., had to do a forced landing after unsuccessful attempts to land in nearby airports when bad weather made it impossible to land in Jos. Sunday Vanguard learnt that the heavy downpour across many states in the country, made visibility poor while the tarmac of most airports were waterlogged, making landing difficult. Although the aircraft skidded some distance off the runway after the forced landing by the pilot, it eventually glided to a halt with the passengers shaken but unhurt.
Some of the passengers who spoke to journalists moments later said the forced landing was a welcome relief because they had been very anxious when the aircraft could not land for over two hours. Although officials of the airline barred journalists from going into the tarmac, it was observed from a distance that part of the aircraft was buried in the ground while one of the wings and a tyre appeared damaged.
04 May 2005 - ARGENTINA: Whistleblower's Film Delves into Tragic Plane Crash
BUENOS AIRES, May 4 (IPS) - A film by a pilot-turned-filmmaker that seeks to shed light on a tragic plane crash has won eight national and international prizes as well as strong reviews by critics, while having a major impact on the public.
The film "Whisky, Romeo, Zulu" (for the initials -- WRZ -- of the Boeing 737 that crashed on Aug. 31, 1999) is the work of Enrique Piñeyro, a former pilot in the private airline involved in the crash.
Piñeyro, a whistleblower who repeatedly complained about and even publicly denounced the company's poor safety record, was under great pressure in the LAPA airline until he finally resigned just three months before the crash, which he describes as an avoidable tragedy.
He wrote the screenplay for the film, in which he himself appears, and which he produced, directed and shot.
Every night since its mid-April premiere, Piñeyro has been present at the downtown Buenos Aires movie theatre where it is being shown, hanging around afterwards to answer the public's questions about the crash and the subsequent investigation.
Just three months after Piñeyro handed in his resignation in May 1999, a LAPA Boeing 737 crashed as it tried to take off from the Jorge Newbery airport in Buenos Aires.
The passenger jet rose less than half a metre off the ground before bouncing across the busy Costanera roadway, running into several cars, and ploughing into mounds of dirt near a golf course, where it burst into flames. Sixty-seven of the 105 passengers and crew members aboard were killed.
"I had a large number of documents that demonstrated that LAPA operated with inadequate safety measures, and also proved the complicity of the Air Force, which was in charge of oversight," Piñeyro commented to IPS during an interview after the film's premiere.
"I took all that material to a prestigious law firm, but they told me that until a plane actually crashed, nothing could be done," said the pilot, who is also a medical doctor and air safety specialist.
So he held on to the documents, and handed them over to the justice system three days after the crash, thus becoming a key witness in the investigation which had initially focused on the possibility of pilot error.
Six former LAPA executives and three aeronautic officials have been prosecuted in the investigation of the crash of LAPA airlines flight 3142, and are currently awaiting the "oral" phase of the trial.
Piñeyro had flown planes for LAPA for 11 years before he quit under the pressure he suffered at the hands of his superiors as a result of his whistleblowing activities.
The last straw in his clash with the airline authorities was an article he wrote in the local daily Clarín, in which he warned of the serious danger that an "avoidable tragedy" would occur, due to the company's poor safety standards.
In 2000, he began to write the screenplay for a film that would give a full account of events prior to the crash of Flight 3142.
"I felt the need to direct it myself, and to act in it too," he said. He finished the film in 2003, and it became a hit at a number of international film festivals before its commercial release.
It won the Golden Sun Award at the Biarritz International Film Festival in France and the Audience Award at the International Film Festival in Buenos Aires, while Piñeyro's performance took a prize at the Viña del Mar festival in Chile.
The film shows the pressure that the company put on its pilots, as well as its adamant denial of safety glitches. Aircraft captains who cancelled flights because of mechanical problems were punished, and there were some pilots, including the one who died in Flight 3142, who continued to fly after failing flight simulator tests.
Piñeyro also succeeds in creating a level of realism that not all films on airplane accidents achieve. The scenes in the cockpit were filmed in such a way that the audience feels like it is actually flying, which is at times exhilarating and at other times horrific.
"LAPA had a culture in which aberrations actually became the norm," said Piñeyro. The film shows how pilots were sometimes forced to take off while ignoring alarms, which often went off by mistake, with empty fire extinguishers, or without the necessary instructions from the ground during bad weather.
In Piñeyro's view, "there is no difference" between the LAPA crash and the Dec. 30, 2004 catastrophe in the República Cromañon discotheque in Buenos Aires, where 193 concert-goers died in a fire in the overcrowded club where the safety violations included emergency exits that were chained shut.
"Companies' greed for profits, negligence, the lack of state controls, corruption, the scant value put on people's lives -- all of these factors are endlessly repeated in successive tragedies in Argentina," said the pilot-cum-filmmaker, who specialised in the investigation of air accidents at the University of Southern California.
Piñeyro said the way LAPA operated was so chaotic that he actually had to leave out a number of true but incredible details because they were so outrageous that they would have hurt the film's credibility.
Shortly before the release, two unidentified armed individuals entered Piñeyro's office and carried away computers, cell phones and money, right in front of him and nine other people.
"You know you're doing things you shouldn't be doing," one of them told Piñeyro, putting a gun to the filmmaker's head.
After that incident -- which according to Piñeyro only helped publicise the film -- he decided to hold the opening in Córdoba, the city where the ill-fated LAPA flight 3142 was headed.
Most of those who died in the crash, along with their families and the 38 survivors, live in Córdoba, which is located in the central province of the same name.
"We didn't want the premiere to be merely a fashionable event. So when the families of the victims invited me to hold it in Córdoba, the actors and I went there," said the director.
The result was extremely emotional. Piñeyro was particularly moved by the reactions of the movie-goers, who came up afterwards to introduce themselves, explain their relationship with the victims, and thank him for telling their story. (END/2005)
13 Apr 2005 - El Al 737-800 Auto Pilot Malfunction
(IsraelNN.com) El Al officials yesterday announced that a Boeing 737-800 with 120 passengers on board encountered a major auto-pilot malfunction shortly following takeoff from Russia. The incident occurred approximately 2.5 weeks ago.
Pilots switched over to autopilot during takeoff and shortly thereafter, at 3,000 feet, the plane began to take a dive, rapidly losing altitude. Pilots pinpointed the malfunction at 2,700 feet, and turned off the autopilot, making the decision not to turn around but to continue. The plane climbed to 35,000 feet and continued on its journey to Tel Aviv.
Following the incident, the autopilot feature on all 737s in El Al’s fleet was inspected. Officials report all planes passed the inspection, adding El Al experts are in contact with Boeing engineers as well.
Experts report the quick actions of pilots averted a potentially dangerous situation, pointing out the rapid drop in altitude occurred at a critical time during takeoff. El Al officials add that at no time were the passengers on board in danger.
26 Mar 2005 - Air Tanzania 737-200 bursts all 4 main tyres on landing
76 passengers escaped unhurt yesterday when the tyres on the main landing gear of an Air Tanzania Company Limited (ATCL) Boeing 737 burst as the plane was landing at Mwanza Airport.
Mwanza Regional Police Commander Zelothe Stephen said all of the aircraft’s four rear tyres burst when the plane touched down on the runway as it was arriving from Dar es Salaam.
Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority (TCAA) sources at Mwanza Airport said nobody was injured in the mishap.
TCCA had not issued an official statement on the accident as of midday yesterday, but sources at the airport said the plane ran over foreign objects washed onto the runway by heavy rain that fell in the lakeside city early yesterday.
ATCL CEO and Managing Director Dumisani Sangweni said in a statement that a team of technicians had been dispatched to Mwanza on a charter flight to replace the damaged tyres and assess any further secondary damage.
The plane touched down at 8.30am and was scheduled to make the return trip shortly afterwards with 88 passengers, including the Deputy Minister of Communication and Transport, Dr Maua Daftari.
Shaken passengers emerged from the plane to relive what some described as a “truly terrifying moment” to friends and relatives who were on hand to meet them at the airport. “Thank God I’m still alive.
There was a deafening bang from underneath the plane when it touched down. The plane shuddered before coming to a halt.
20 Feb 2005 - Air Malta puts in force extra tyre safety measures
Air Malta in a press release said that UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) report on the incident that occurred to Air Malta’s flight KM 197 (Glasgow-Malta) on the 1st September 2004 confirmed that Air Malta operates within the tyre manufacturer’s specifications and aviation industry standards. Despite this Air Malta has taken several steps to prevent a reoccurrence of the event and ensure added safety to its passengers, crew and aircraft.
The incident had sparked a major Glasgow airport alert as the Air Malta jet, with 137 passengers and 5 crewmembers on board had to circle the airport for nearly three hours to burn off fuel before landing safely.
The company stated that the new measures have been unilaterally adopted by Air Malta and not part of any regulatory requirement. Some of the measures include the setting of a retread limit of three (down from the previous six) on all its Boeing 737 main wheel tyres and the immediate withdrawal from service of all tyres having a retread level above four. All withdrawn tyres have been sent to the manufacturer for inspections and notwithstanding the fact that no abnormalities were found Air Malta has withdrawn these from service.
Although the AAIB report refers to the tyre as “close to its fully worn condition”, according to the statement this in no way implies that Air Malta changes its aircraft tyres just prior to failure. So much so that Air Malta’s press release preferred to describe the tyre as “approaching the end of its useful operational life”.
The press statement continues by saying that the retread level 6 that the tyre (was) operated to is a standard recommended by the manufacturer. When the re-treaded tyres are received by Air Malta they would have been quality controlled to ensure appropriate safety level of operation. Noteworthy is that when operational limits are set in the aviation industry these are more restrictive than the actual engineering destructive testing envelope. This means that when the manufacturers establish re-tread level 6 this would be, according to their destructive testing process, below the limit where the tyre is expected to fail.
Air Malta operates to European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAR) standards and is locally overseen by the Malta Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) and all engineering and flight operations practices must conform to State and International regulatory aviation standards.
Commenting on the AAIB report Air Malta’s Chief Engineer said, “All investigations to date on this and other incidents have not pointed out any maintenance or crew related deficiencies and have confirmed Air Malta adherence to manufacturer’s and aviation industry standards“.
Capt. Denis Caruana, Manager Flight Safety and Quality said that “The failure of the hydraulic system as a result of the tyre failure must be considered in the context that aircraft systems are duplicated or in the case of hydraulic systems triplicated. Although the primary hydraulic system failed the two other hydraulic systems were still fully functional. The controllability of the aircraft was hence never at risk. Air Malta invests heavily in extensive employee training for Crews and Technical personnel. Cockpit and Cabin Crew train constantly to deal with abnormal situations such as that encountered in Glasgow and the crew had inspected the tyre indicating that there were no signs of a pending failure“.
Air Malta is also in the final stages of concluding the report on this and the other similar incident that occurred to flight KM572 (13th August 2004) flying to Moscow Domododevo.
Air Malta ended its press release by reassuring its customers that its procedures and policies are in line with industry standards and best practice. This proves that Air Malta’s levels of safety are of the highest standards and it also highlights the airline’s flexibility to institute measures which go beyond industry benchmarks. The airline’s safety record is impeccable and the airline continues to place safety at the top list of its operational objectives.
19 Feb 2005 -Third Aliance AIr 737-200 engine failure within a month.
115 passengers on board Alliance Air Flight CD 7245, scheduled from Jammu to Leh had a narrow escape after the pilot detected a major snag in one of the two engines of the Boeing 737-200. The bolt between the air intake and the starboard engine broke down just at the time of plane take off and is believed to be the reason for the snag. The air force authorities say that they are investigating the matter.
"CD 7425 was going from Jammu to Leh at 11:15 am (IST). At the take off point while giving the full thrust, the pilot noticed some unusual noise from the engine number two on the right side. He aborted the take off at the last minute and came back to the bay," said Sanjeev Misri, station manager, Indian Airlines.
The passengers were lucky that the pilot detected the sang just at the right time and a major accident was averted.
"Smoke was coming out from the engine and there was a noise. We thought some tyre had burst. But once we looked downwards, we saw smoke coming out of the engine," said Rashi Dorje, passenger.
"We were in the plane and it was about to take off. There was a loud noise. We were quickly brought down from the plane and there was smoke coming out," said Tasheer, another passenger.
It was a case of second time lucky. On Friday, another Alliance Air plane was grounded at the Port Blair airport following an engine failure. With three engine failures within a month, clearly the safety record of Alliance Air has become a big question mark.
Kam Air 737-200 Crash, Kabul, 3 Feb 2005
Dutch military helicopters on Saturday found the wreckage of the Kam Air 737-200 that crashed in a snow storm near the capital Kabul, killing all 104 people on board.
The crew of the Apache helicopters spotted the tail end of the Boeing 737 plane and other debris strewn across snow-covered mountains above the village of Band-e Ghazi, some 30 km southeast of Kabul, NATO-led peacekeepers said.
"There are no survivors from the crash," an Afghan Defence Ministry spokesman said. "We will begin to evacuate and retrieve the bodies."
But an Afghan military helicopter was later unable to land as snow and fog covered the crash site making the mountainous area look like an almost featureless white landscape.
The aircraft, operated by the private Afghan airline Kam Air, disappeared off radar screens three minutes after failing to land at Kabul airport. The airport is located on a high plain surrounded by mountains and lacks electronic facilities to help pilots land in bad weather.
The plane, with 96 passengers and eight crew, was travelling from the western city of Herat, a busy route for Afghan businessmen and foreign aid workers returning Kabul.
"Dutch AH-64 Apache helicopters that were searching for the missing Kam Air Boeing 737 found the wreckage at 1:37 p.m. (0907 GMT)," said a statement from NATO peacekeepers in Kabul. "The crash site is 3,300 metres above sea level."
Transport Minister Enayatullah Qasemi said the pilot last contacted the Kabul control tower at about 3 p.m. Thursday to ask for a weather update and was cleared for landing by Bagram Air Base, the U.S. military base north of Kabul with overall responsibility for Afghan airspace.
Moments later it disappeared from radar screens, a few miles east of the city.
Kam Air is post-Taliban Afghanistan's first private airline and made its maiden flight on the Kabul-Herat route in November 2003. Its mainly domestic flights operate leased Boeing 737's from Phoenix Aviation and Antonovs based in Kyrgyzstan. They are used by wealthy Afghans, aid and reconstruction workers.
10 Apr 2005 - Kabul - United States analysts found no information recorded on the black box on board the Afghan Kam Air Boeing 737 that crashed in February, killing all 104 passengers on board, officials said on Sunday.
The flight data recorder was sent to the US for analysis as Afghanistan lacks the technology to open and analyse the device.
"Due to technical errors the flight data recorder had nothing recorded," said Afghan defence ministry spokesperson Mohammed Zahir Azimi.
The second black box, the cockpit voice recorder, which records the conversation between the pilot and the air control tower, was never found.
Both the cockpit voice recorder and the flight data recorder are designed to be resistant to the impact of a plane crash and to send out signals so they can be traced and found.
Afghan officials were unable to say what technical hitches had prevented the data recorder from working or why the cockpit voice recorder was never found.
"The device had no records on it 25 hours before the crash time and the reason for that is not known," said Qurban Mohammed Badakhshi, flight safety director at the Afghan Ministry of Transportation.
The examination of the device in the United States was completed on March 14 in the presence of Afghan officials, said Azimi.
The jet airliner was en route from the western city of Herat to Kabul when it hit a 3 300m mountain peak during a snowstorm on February 3. Twenty-four of the victims were foreigners. - Sapa-AFP
13 Feb 2005 - Flight recorder of Kam Air Boeing 737 found in Afghanistan
CAIRO, February 13 (Itar-Tass) - A NATO search party investigating the February 3 crash of a Boeing 737 of Afghanistan’s Kam Air airline has found a flight recorder, a representative of the Afghan Defense Ministry said on Sunday.
A helicopter brought the search party to the crash zone difficult of access because of bad weather and mountains.
The search party will begin a land operation to find remains of 104 passengers and crewmembers. The helicopter landed into a two-meter-thick snow. The search party will make a safe landing pad for helicopters near the Boeing 737 crash scene.
Afghan citizens made up the majority of passengers. There were nine citizens of Turkey, six Americans, three Italians and one Iranian onboard. The crew included four Russians and one Canadian.
DATE: 11.01.2005 LOCAL TIME: 16:45
LOCATION: Atlanta-Intl AP (KATL) / GA COUNTRY: USA
NTSB Identification: DEN05LA048 Scheduled 14 CFR Part 121: Air Carrier operation of Continental Airlines INC. Accident occurred Saturday, January 08, 2005 in Gunnison, CO Aircraft: Boeing 737-724, registration: N16732 Injuries: 68 Uninjured.
This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed.
On January 8, 2005, at 1333 mountain standard time, a Boeing 737-724, N16732, operated by Continental Airlines Inc, as Continental Flight 1662, was substantially damaged when it was struck by a snowplow while it was stopped on the taxiway at Gunnison County Airport (GUC), Gunnison, Colorado. Instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) prevailed at the time of the accident. The airline transport certificated captain, airline transport certificated first officer, 3 flight attendants, and 68 passengers on board the airplane, and the driver of the snowplow were not injured. A passenger riding in the snowplow received minor injuries. The scheduled domestic passenger flight was being conducted under the provisions of Title 14 CFR Part 121 on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan. The flight originated at Houston, Texas, at approximately 0938.
According to the captain, after landing on runway 06, he rolled out to turn off on A8 taxiway. While taxing westbound to the gate, airport operations requested him to hold on the taxiway between A4 and A5 to give a Delta Airlines pushback crew some room to move another airplane around. After stopping, he set the brakes, and made a passenger announcement. Approximately 3 minutes later, the airplane was struck from the left rear by a snowplow. The force of the impact pushed the left main landing gear forward approximately 10 feet, turning the airplane to the right. He said he shut down the engines, requested an assessment from the flight attendants, and told the first officer to call for fire equipment. He then surveyed the damage from the cockpit window and aft galley service door window. At that time, the snowplow had backed off to the east approximately 50 yards. He stated that the airport visibility was reported at 2 miles. However, he could see the Western State "W" on the hill, approximately 2.5 miles south of the airport. After an assessment of the damage and confirmation from the fire crew that it was safe, the airplane was towed to the ramp and the passengers were deplaned with the airstairs.
According to the airport manager, the snowplow was an Oshkosh H-series truck with a 22-foot wide plow. The snowplow was plowing the taxiway and did not realize that the airplane had stopped. The snowplow hit the left main landing gear assembly. The right end of the plow blade struck the underside of the airplane's fuselage, on the wing-to-fuselage fairing approximately 3 feet aft of the trailing edge of the wing. The impact resulted in a 10-foot gash, running forward from the point of initial contact along the keel beam between the main landing gear wheel wells.
According to witnesses, the snowplow was plowing snow from the taxiway and was seen approaching the parked airplane at approximately 40 to 60 mph.
12 Dec 2004 - Air China 737-800 hits telegraph pole whilst landing in bad wx
BEIJING, Dec. 13 (Xinhuanet) -- An Air China airliner bound for Chongqing from Guangzhou City in south China bumped into a wire pole and rooted it up Sunday, when it was temporarily landing at the Guiyang Airport in southwest China's Guizhou Province due to bad weather, the Beijing News reported Monday.
All the 132 passengers and crew members aboard are safe and sound, the paper citing sources with the Guiyang Airport as saying.
The airliner's left airfoil uprooted an over 10-meter-high wirepole beside the airstrip, and the accident has left a big hole in the wing. The plane came to a stop after sliding for a few meters.
The Boeing 737-800 flight, numbering CA4350, took off at about 6:40 p.m. Sunday, more than three hours later than the scheduled time. The reason of the delay is still unknown, according to the newspaper.
A passenger on board, who is surnamed Wang, said at about 8:20 p.m., when the plane prepared to land at the Jiangbei Airport of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality, the flight's terminal, passengers were told they could not land there and would instead go to the Guiyang Airport for emergency landing.
As of 11:00 p.m. Sunday, the CA4350 flight had been canceled. Several other Chongqing-bounding flights were also obliged to landin Guiyang due to the bad weather, including a plane from Zhengzhou, capital of central China's Henan Province, the paper citing sources with the Guiyang Airport as saying. Enditem
29 Nov 2004 - 10 injured as KLM plane veers off runway
AMSTERDAM — A KLM plane with 140 people on board veered off the runway upon landing at Barcelona Airport Sunday, but no one was seriously hurt in the incident, airport officials said.
The landing gear of the KLM Boeing 737-400 (PH-BTC) arriving from Amsterdam was seriously damaged in the accident. It remains unclear what caused the problem.
Some 10 people suffered light injuries and were treated at the scene by doctors. The Dutch airline said two people were taken to hospital for further treatment.
The main runway of El Prat airport in Barcelona was closed to traffic following the incident, forcing the rerouting of five incoming flights.
A team of 20 KLM staff members departed for Barcelona at about midnight Sunday to care for stranded passengers and investigate the cause of the accident. Passengers were given the opportunity to fly home to the Netherlands.
Some six crew were on board flight KL1673 and all passengers and crew were forced to evacuate the plane via emergency exit slides after landing at about 6.50pm on Sunday.
An unverified source (on PPRuNe) gave the following information:
The aircraft had a bird strike shortly after take-off from Schiphol Airport. Crew cycled landing gear and all indications were normal as far as the cockpit could judge. There was a consult with KLM maintenance and it was decided, since there were no indications of anything being abnormal, that the flight should proceed to Barcelona (its intended destination). At Barcelona a standard inspection would be made by an aircraft maintenance technician.
Upon landing it was not possible to remain on the runway using first normal techniques (using rudder), followed by the use of differential reverse and as a final resort the nose wheel steering system. The aircraft left the runway at around 100 knots. Remains of the bird have been found on the nose gear strut where it apparently flew into Nose gear steering cables jamming them to one side, to make things worse the aircraft then drove into repairs being done next to runway, aircraft total loss.
7 Nov 2004 - AirAsia 737-300 over-runs runway in heavy rain
KOTA KINABALU - AirAsia in a statement said due to heavy rain and bad weather, its aircraft bound for Kota Kinabalu from Kuala Lumpur skidded lightly off the runway after it touched down at Terminal Two of the Kota Kinabalu International Airport. In the 5.10pm incident yesterday, two passengers and the two pilots suffered minor injuries.
The 111 passengers on board AirAsia's Boeing 737-300 flight from Kuala Lumpur had an uneventful journey till the plane landed at Kota Kinabalu. One of the injured, a five-year-old girl, sprained her left wrist during evacuation from the Boeing 737-300 aircraft, the Star reported.
The passengers, including six top Laotian government officials, were shaken by the incident that occurred during a downpour.
Flight AK104 from Kuala Lumpur skidded onto the grassy patch towards the south end of the runway, forcing passengers to be evacuated via emergency chutes as Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) fire engines and ambulances rushed to scene.
A DCA official said the nose-wheel of the Boeing 737 was bogged down in soft soil and engineers were finding it difficult to extricate the aircraft because of nightfall.
The shutdown of the country's second-busiest airport resulted in the diversion, rescheduling and cancellation of dozens of flights, affecting at least 2,000 travellers.
Prime Minister Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, scheduled to depart on his executive jet at 9.30pm after a short visit, left at 10.45pm. He was here to break fast with Umno members.
Although the DCA has "closed" the airport, it has allowed individual airlines to land or take off at their own risk.
A Universiti Teknologi Mara student who identified herself only as Zilla said the whole plane shook badly before it hit the grass. "I was afraid. I thought we were going to die," she said.
Raymond Danker, from Penang, who was visiting with his Sabahan wife and three children, said it was their first trip to the state since their marriage 10 years ago. "We were so happy about it and this had to happen," he said. He said his daughter, Tracie, suffered a sprain to her left wrist while sliding down the emergency chute, and his wife and two sons, aged three and seven, were shaken by the whole episode.
Among the passengers was Laotian deputy director-general of the Cabinet Committee for Planning, Houmpheng Souralay, one of the six senior Laotian officials here for a study tour organised by Yayasan Sabah. "I am thankful that nothing serious happened," said Souralay.
According to passengers, there were moments of pandemonium on the plane as they pushed and shoved each other towards the emergency exits during the evacuation.
The passengers were then ferried to the VIP terminal and given medical examinations before they were taken to Terminal Two and allowed to collect their luggage at about 7pm.
12 Aug 2004 - Air Guinee 737-200 crash after take-off. All survive.
FREETOWN, Aug 12 (Reuters) - A hundred and twenty-six people escaped unharmed after their aircraft ditched into a swamp as it tried to take off from Sierra Leone's capital Freetown, officials said on Thursday.
The Air Guinea Boeing 737 had just left the ground at Lungi airport on Wednesday when it lurched into a swamp 5 km (3 miles) from the runway, leaving one wing partly submerged in mud.
"A combined team of airport fire and security services quickly moved to the scene and helped to save the passengers and crew," said airport spokesman Mohamed Swarray.
Sierra Leone's civil aviation authority and the carrier which owned the plane said the cause of the crash was not yet known. Hospital officials said about 50 of the passengers were treated for shock and minor injuries.
"There were no deaths or injuries but the aircraft was seriously damaged. We don't know the cause as yet," said Aboubacar Sidiki Camara, the airline's director of operations.
Africa's poorly maintained airliners are prone to accidents. Three planes crashed into the ground shortly after takeoff around the continent last year.
Another report states that "Some of the passengers involved in the crash revealed that they smelled kerosene upon boarding the plane and the smell worsened later on."
Photo: Dr Sylvia Blyden
"But, this crash of Wednesday August 11th (8-11) was far more serious. For the sake of posterity, I am putting down on paper the events since that day. Very early, on Wednesday 11th August (8-11), we all turned up at the Lungi International Airport to board the Air Guinee Express Flight 110 from Freetown to The Gambia.
At around 8:30am, we were told that the plane came from Conakry, Guinea but could not land because of "weather visibility problems" and had therefore headed back to Conakry. We waited until 1:25pm when an announcement was made that the plane had come back from Guinea and would be landing finally. The plane landed and we were placed on board. Almost immediately after the plane took off and was in mid air, we noticed that the left wing was on fire and the flames were climbing up towards the back windows. We then heard a big BOOM! sound and the plane started to twist up and down in the air until it crashed into some green plantations, continued at full speed before finally landing in a swamp with the plane still on fire and the now completely darkened passenger cabin reeking of the smell of kerosene and jet fuel. Your Excellency, we were later informed that the BOOM sound was the sound caused by one of the engines falling off in mid-air. I saw the site where the engine landed.
The distance from the point of impact where the engine hit the earth from the air and the final resting place of the plane was approximately 600 metres! Your Excellency, to continue my narration, please be informed that it was now pandemonium inside the plane with all passengers being terrified and shouting out for Jesus and Almighty Allah whilst struggling to break open windows and doors to escape from the fuelled plane which was on fire. All the windows were covered with mud and leaves and trees and we could not see anything outside until someone managed to break one of the windows of the emergency doors and we started to escape helter skelter from the plane.
Expecting the plane to burst into flames at any moment, we ran deep into the forest holding on to each other. To their credit, the Airports Authority and the Police started to drive towards the scene of the crash within seconds of the plane finally landing.
Considering the distance they had to drive, they took several minutes to finally arrive at the swamp and found all the passengers already escaped from the plane but in a complete state of terror, pandemonium and emotional distress not to talk of bleeding limbs and other injuries. Your Excellency, I have just been discharged from the hospital after four days. I left dozens of Sierra Leoneans still admitted in hospital."
Yours sincerely, Dr. Sylvia Blyden, Crash victim
10 Jul 2004 - Alliance 737-200 Engine Stall
NEW DELHI: Passengers on board an Alliance Air flight from Leh to Jammu had a miraculous escape on Saturday after one of its engines stalled while landing.
The Boeing 737-200 had completed its first leg of operation from Delhi to Leh and was ferrying 79 passengers from Leh to Jammu when one of its engines got stalled, airlines sources said.
They said the pilot of the plane, Captain Javed, managed to land at Jammu airport at 0830 hours, where the aircraft was finally grounded. Javed is the Chief Pilot of Alliance Air.
Men and material were flown from here to repair the plane and alternate arrangements made for the Leh-bound passengers.
Managing Director of Alliance Air Manet Paes told PTI that there was an "engine snag" in the aircraft which was being set right at Jammu airport.
This is for the third time in less than a week when engines of Alliance Air's aged Boeings have been stalled. On July four, an Alliance Air plane developed a similar snag after take off from Leh. The same plane had developed this snag on July two while flying from Mumbai to Indore.
Meanwhile, sources said majority of pilots and co-pilots of Alliance Air have refused to fly these aged Boeing planes to Leh. This has led the airline to put Chief Pilot Javed on the job, while the role of co-pilots was being performed by Chief Pilots from Mumbai and Kolkata.
Paes refused to comment on the issue but said that the flights to Leh continued to be operated
13 Apr 2004 - Damaged 737 to Resume Service Soon
IQALUIT - A First Air jet that was damaged in Edmonton in February should be back in the air within a month.
The Boeing 737 had been carrying 31 passengers from the Lupin gold mine, when it missed the runway while landing at Edmonton International.
The plane clipped a sign and damaged its left engine before coming to a stop.
First Air spokesperson Tracy Beeman says the damage is not as bad as originally thought.
"That aircraft was scheduled for a heavy maintenance check just a few weeks afterwards anyway," she says. "And they have found that damage is not too serious and they're actually able to repair the aircraft while they're doing that heavy check at the same time."
None of the passengers were injured by the rough landing.
The Transportation Safety Board says bad weather is partly to blame for the incident.
22 Jan 2004 - Korean Air jet slips off snow-covered runway in Aomori
AOMORI - A Korean Air jet got stranded after careering off a runway following landing at Aomori Airport Friday afternoon, local aviation authorities said.
At around 12:20 a.m., Korean Air Flight 767 landed at Aomori Airport, but veered off its snow-covered runway and became stuck in the snow piled up beside the strip. None of the 117 passengers or eight crewmembers of the Boeing 737 jet were injured.
Visibility around the airport was extremely bad at the time of the accident because of a snowstorm.
The jet departed from Incheon International Airport in Seoul at 9:48 a.m., and landed at Aomori about 20 minutes behind schedule. (Mainichi Shimbun, Japan, Jan. 23, 2004)
08 Jul 2003 - Sudan Airways 39, ST-AFK, 737-200C crashes during return to airfield due technical problem. 115 killed.A passenger plane has crashed in Sudan shortly after take-off, killing more than 100 people. The dead include 105 passengers and 10 crew members. Only one passenger, a two-year-old child, is said to have survived. The Sudan Airways Boeing 737-200 was on an internal flight to the capital, Khartoum, from Port Sudan airport on the Red Sea about 660 kilometres (410 miles) away. It crashed at about 0400 (0100 GMT) in a desolate area about 3 miles (5 km) from Port Sudan airport. Government officials said. A fire in the wreckage had left victims' bodies severely charred, and the area has been cordoned off, said Sudan's minister of social affairs. Because of the hot weather, authorities are attempting to remove the bodies as soon as possible, the minister added.
Sudanese radio said. "The plane took off this morning. Minutes later the pilot contacted the airport to say there were difficulties and that he would return to the airport in Port Sudan," Sudan's minister of state for aviation, Mohammed Hassan al-Bahi, told the station. "The plane crashed while trying to land at the airport."
Government spokesman Salah Ali Ahmed told Sudanese national television that the surviving child was in a hospital and in good condition, although one report said the child had lost a leg. A team consisting of civil aviation authority, Sudan Airways and security officials is to investigate the crash.
Sudanese foreign minister blames plane crash on US sanctions
MAPUTO, July 8 (AFP) -- A plane crash in Sudan early Tuesday in which 115 people died, was the direct result of US sanctions against the country, Sudan's foreign minister said.
"The accident has been caused by the lack of spare parts. There are no spare parts available to service Boeings in Sudan because of the American embargo imposed in the 1970s," Foreign Minister Moustapha Osman Ismail told reporters here.
"This plane had not been serviced for five or six years," he said, speaking on the sidelines of meetings preparing for an African Union (AU) summit from Thursday to Saturday in the Mozambican capital Maputo.
The Sudan Airways Boeing 737 crashed shortly after takeoff from Port Sudan on the Red Sea bound for Khartoum, airline and government officials said in the Sudanese capital.
The dead included a senior military officer and eight foreigners.
A civil war pitting the Islamic and Arabic north of Sudan against black animist and Christian rebels in the south since 1983 has left more than 1.5 million people dead. Peace negotiations are continuing in Kenya between the Khartoum government and the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army.
Sanctions on Sudan don't block shipments of airline parts: US
WASHINGTON, July 8 (AFP) -- US sanctions on Sudan include exemptions for spare parts for civilian airliners, a State Department spokesman said Tuesday, rejecting claims by a Sudanese official that the sanctions had caused a deadly plane crash.
"While there are US sanctions in effect against Sudan and other state sponsors of terrorism, specific licences may be issued on a case by case basis for the exportation of goods, services and technology to ensure the safety of civil aviation and safe operation of US origin commercial passenger aircrafts," spokesman Philip Reeker said.
He did not know if Sudanese officials had requested a license for airline parts, but said other countries under sanctions have received permission to buy parts for US-made planes.
Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Osman Ismail told reporters on the sidelines of the African Union summit in Maputo that a plane crash that killed 115 people early Tuesday was the direct result of US sanctions.
"This plane had not been serviced for five or six years," he said in the Mozambican capital.
The Sudan Airways Boeing 737 crashed shortly after takeoff from Port Sudan on the Red Sea bound for Khartoum, airline and government officials said in the Sudanese capital.
The dead included a senior military officer and eight foreigners.
Sudan Airways operates 3 737-200Adv's. One built 1975 (written off today) and two built 1981. The sister ship to ST-AFK was also written off in a re-land at Khartoum 19 Jul 1998 due to a runway overrun, fortunately with no fatalities.
24 May 2003 - N3430SW, 737-, Southwest Airlines; Amarillo, TX, USA
Nose gear collapsed on the landing roll.
26 Mar 2003 - CN-RNF, 737-400, Royal Air Maroc, Les Angades, Oujda, Morocco:
The aircraft touched down right wing low about 20m left of runway 06 at night in 1600m visibility. It continued to roll parallel to the runway for several hundred meters before rolling onto the paved surface. The nose gear collapsed.
21 Mar 2003 - CN-RMX, 737-400, Royal Air Maroc, Menara, Marrakech, Morocco:
The aircraft landed long in poor weather and low visibility in rain. It veered right, eventually leaving the runway and getting bogged in soft ground.
22 Jan 2003 - PK-ALV, 737-200, Star Air, Jakarta, Indonesia:
The 737 was on an ILS approach to Jakarta. The aircraft touched down 500m past the runway threshold, a little left of the centreline. The aircraft, even before the nose landing gear touched the ground, entered an area of heavy rainfall with associated heavy winds. The plane went off the side of the runway, causing substantial damage to the undercarriage and belly.
Aircraft sustained damage to undercarriage, No2 engine and fuselage wrinkle at stn 663. Aircraft repaired by ANI. Number 2 engine and all undercarriage were replaced and fuselage repaired IAW Boeing repair scheme. The aircraft is now back in service.
20 Aug 2001 - 737-700, D-AHIA, Hamburg Intl Airlines, Runway Overrun, 0 fatalities.
DATE: 20.08.2001 LOCAL TIME: -
6 Aug 2001 - Canada 3000 737 fire revealed
2 Jun 2001 - Federal investigators checking reports of 737 making sudden uncommanded rolls
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Federal safety officials are investigating an incident in which a Delta Airlines jetliner twice made sudden, uncommanded movements in the skies over Virginia Friday morning.
One flight attendant received minor injuries and the plane landed safely in Atlanta.
The incident is of interest to investigators because it involved a Boeing 737. In 1994, a Boeing 737-300 crashed near Pittsburgh after a rudder deflected in a direction opposite to what had been commanded by a pilot. All 132 people aboard that flight died. Uncontrolled rudder movements have been implicated in two other incidents since 1991.
Spokesmen for both the National Transportation Safety Board and Delta said they were uncertain whether the Boeing 737 involved in Friday's incident was a 300 series.
The movements occurred on Delta Flight 1495 as it was flying from Allentown, Pennsylvania, to Atlanta. As the plane was climbing to 35,000 feet over Virginia, the plane started to make an uncommanded roll to the left, FAA spokesman Bill Schumann said. The pilot disengaged the autopilot and recovered from the roll.
When the pilot re-engaged the autopilot, the plane made an uncommanded roll to the right, Schumann said. The pilot disengaged the autopilot, recovered from the roll and flew the plane manually to a safe landing in Atlanta, officials said.
Delta reported the incident to the FAA.
Delta said the plane was "buffeted" to the left and then to the right, and said Delta mechanics have ruled out a rudder problem. Instead, Delta spokeswoman Harmony Sockman said maintenance officials have determined the problem was caused by the plane's autopilot.
After landing in Atlanta, the plane was flown to Tallahassee, Florida, and back to Atlanta, a trip in which autopilots are not used, Sockman said. If maintenance officials had found a rudder problem, "they never would have taken that risk," Sockman said.
NTSB spokesman Jamie Finch said investigators do not know if turbulence -- either from the weather or the wakes of other aircraft -- played a factor in the incident. "It's too early at this point" to know, Finch said. Investigators will examine data recorders from the plane, he said.
21 Feb 01 - 737-300, N302UA, United Airlines, tail-strike on landing
Jan 01 - 737-200, Delta, Smoke in cabin, 0 fatalities
1 Dec 00 - 737-800, EC-???, Futura, Nosegear collapse on landing. 0 Fatalities.
1 Dec 2000 - 737-800 Nosegear Collapse - The Irish Times
Passengers returning from a holiday in Lanzarote had what they described as a "miraculous" escape when the nose wheels of a Boeing 737-800 jet collapsed on landing at Shannon Airport yesterday.
The jet, owned by Futura International Airways - a subsidiary of Aer Lingus - slewed across the main runway for 300 yards, but the pilot managed to guide it safely to a halt. It ended up on its belly, with some damage to the fuselage.
Eight people received hospital treatment, including a woman with a broken ankle, while others, including the pilot, were treated at the airport. There were 189 passengers and a crew of six on board the jet which has been in operation for six months.
"The door (fwd service) in front split open and luggage was hurled off the front section."