Rules of Thumb  
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ContentsFuel Consumption Formulae: 
All of the information, photographs & schematics from this website and much more is now available in a 374 page printed book or in electronic format. *** Updated 14 Nov 2021 *** 
Speed, Height, Distance conversion Level flight deceleration allow 10kts/nm & 1kt/sec (deceleration is faster at lower weights) Descending deceleration allow 5kts/nm & 0.5kt/sec Idle descent allow 3nm/1000'
Aim for 250kts, 10,000ft by 30nm out Aim for 210kts, On ILS at 12nm
N1 = (2 x Alt/1000) + 10 eg at FL350 = 70+10 = 80% N1 or FF = (IAS*10)/2 200 eg 250kts = 2500/2 200 = 1050 kg/hr/engine
All the above based on a gross weight of 47.5, N1 may vary by 5% and attitude by 2° at other weights. Add 2% N1 in turns. For single engine add 15% N1 + 5% N1 in turns.
If ECON info not available, use 250KIAS until 10,000ft then 280KIAS/M0.74 thereafter. Best Angle = V2 + 80 Best Rate = V2 + 120
Increases TAT by approximately 1°/10kts IAS
Driftdown speed and level off altitude are for the terrain critical case; if terrain is not critical you may accelerate to Long Range Cruise (LRC), this will cost approximately 3000ft. Otherwise slowly accelerate to LRC at the level off altitude as weight reduces with fuel burn. If anti ice is required, the altitude penalties are severe. See table below for figures (QRH PI.13.7).
Fuel Consumption Formulae
Optimum FL (FPPM p2.1.1)
Step climb & wind/altitude trade (FPPM p3.2.16)
The 737 burns approx 30kg/min. Hence subtract (30kg x reduced trip time in mins) from the trip fuel at the proposed level. If this figure is less than the trip fuel for the planned flight level, the lower level is justified.
Trip Fuel Reduction = Weight reduction x Flight time in hrs x 3.5% Eg: 10 pax less over a 2hr flight = 1000kg x 2 x 3.5% = 70kg lower trip fuel.
Landing Flaps Flap 30 uses 25kgs less fuel than flap 40 from 1500 ft to touchdown.
Engine Antiice burns 90 kg per hour. Engine + Wing Antiice burns 250 kg per hour.
Compared to 2 Engine LRC at Optimum Altitude for any given weight: Engine Out LRC burns 21% more fuel. Engine Out LRC increases Time Interval by 13%. Depressurised LRC (2 Engines@10,000') burns 49% more fuel. Depressurised LRC increases Time Interval by 20%. Gear Down burns 89% more fuel! Gear Down increases Time Interval by 29%. Hint. you can check the Depressurised figures quoted above by entering 10,000' as a "step altitude" in the CRZ page and compare the fuel remaining at your destination. 